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Protein

Siroheme synthase

Gene

cysG

Organism
Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus (strain ATCC 49037 / DSM 5601 / PAl5)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Protein inferred from homologyi

Functioni

Multifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the SAM-dependent methylations of uroporphyrinogen III at position C-2 and C-7 to form precorrin-2 via precorrin-1. Then it catalyzes the NAD-dependent ring dehydrogenation of precorrin-2 to yield sirohydrochlorin. Finally, it catalyzes the ferrochelation of sirohydrochlorin to yield siroheme.UniRule annotation

Catalytic activityi

S-adenosyl-L-methionine + uroporphyrinogen III = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-1.UniRule annotation
S-adenosyl-L-methionine + precorrin-1 = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + precorrin-2.UniRule annotation
Precorrin-2 + NAD+ = sirohydrochlorin + NADH.UniRule annotation
Siroheme + 2 H+ = sirohydrochlorin + Fe2+.UniRule annotation

Pathway:iadenosylcobalamin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III, the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Pathway:iadenosylcobalamin biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis, which is itself part of Cofactor biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2, the pathway adenosylcobalamin biosynthesis and in Cofactor biosynthesis.

Pathway:isiroheme biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway siroheme biosynthesis, which is itself part of Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes precorrin-2 from uroporphyrinogen III, the pathway siroheme biosynthesis and in Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.

Pathway:isiroheme biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes siroheme from sirohydrochlorin.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway siroheme biosynthesis, which is itself part of Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes siroheme from sirohydrochlorin, the pathway siroheme biosynthesis and in Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.

Pathway:isiroheme biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Siroheme synthase (cysG)
This subpathway is part of the pathway siroheme biosynthesis, which is itself part of Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes sirohydrochlorin from precorrin-2, the pathway siroheme biosynthesis and in Porphyrin-containing compound metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei233 – 2331S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation
Active sitei256 – 2561Proton acceptorUniRule annotation
Active sitei278 – 2781Proton donorUniRule annotation
Binding sitei314 – 3141S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation
Binding sitei392 – 3921S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via amide nitrogenUniRule annotation
Binding sitei421 – 4211S-adenosyl-L-methionine; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenUniRule annotation

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi28 – 292NADUniRule annotation
Nucleotide bindingi49 – 502NADUniRule annotation

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Lyase, Methyltransferase, Oxidoreductase, Transferase

Keywords - Biological processi

Cobalamin biosynthesis, Porphyrin biosynthesis

Keywords - Ligandi

NAD, S-adenosyl-L-methionine

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciGDIA272568:GJPS-171-MONOMER.
UniPathwayiUPA00148; UER00211.
UPA00148; UER00222.
UPA00262; UER00211.
UPA00262; UER00222.
UPA00262; UER00376.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Siroheme synthaseUniRule annotation
Including the following 3 domains:
Uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.1.1.107UniRule annotation)
Short name:
Urogen III methylaseUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
SUMTUniRule annotation
Uroporphyrinogen III methylaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
UROMUniRule annotation
Precorrin-2 dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.3.1.76UniRule annotation)
Sirohydrochlorin ferrochelataseUniRule annotation (EC:4.99.1.4UniRule annotation)
Gene namesi
Name:cysGUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:GDI0165, Gdia_2235
OrganismiGluconacetobacter diazotrophicus (strain ATCC 49037 / DSM 5601 / PAl5)
Taxonomic identifieri272568 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaAlphaproteobacteriaRhodospirillalesAcetobacteraceaeGluconacetobacter
ProteomesiUP000000736 Componenti: Chromosome UP000001176 Componenti: Chromosome

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Chaini1 – 470470Siroheme synthasePRO_0000330513Add
BLAST

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi272568.Gdia_2235.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA9H259.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni1 – 213213precorrin-2 dehydrogenase / sirohydrochlorin ferrochelataseUniRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Regioni224 – 470247Uroporphyrinogen-III C-methyltransferaseUniRule annotationAdd
BLAST
Regioni309 – 3113S-adenosyl-L-methionine bindingUniRule annotation
Regioni339 – 3402S-adenosyl-L-methionine bindingUniRule annotation

Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the precorrin-2 dehydrogenase / sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase family.UniRule annotation
In the C-terminal section; belongs to the precorrin methyltransferase family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0007.
HOGENOMiHOG000290518.
KOiK02302.
OMAiEITHCHA.
OrthoDBiEOG6DRPFR.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.8.210. 1 hit.
3.30.950.10. 1 hit.
3.40.1010.10. 1 hit.
3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_01646. Siroheme_synth.
InterProiIPR000878. 4pyrrol_Mease.
IPR014777. 4pyrrole_Mease_sub1.
IPR014776. 4pyrrole_Mease_sub2.
IPR006366. CobA/CysG_C.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR012409. Sirohaem_synth.
IPR019478. Sirohaem_synthase_dimer_dom.
IPR006367. Sirohaem_synthase_N.
IPR003043. Uropor_MeTrfase_CS.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF10414. CysG_dimeriser. 1 hit.
PF13241. NAD_binding_7. 1 hit.
PF00590. TP_methylase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF036426. Sirohaem_synth. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF53790. SSF53790. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01469. cobA_cysG_Cterm. 1 hit.
TIGR01470. cysG_Nterm. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00839. SUMT_1. 1 hit.
PS00840. SUMT_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

A9H259-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSDATDPGWF PLALRLRGAR VVVVGGGGIA LNKVRLLLAH AARIDILAPR
60 70 80 90 100
LEDTLAAWQA EGRITHIAGE ATPDRVRALL PGSRLVYAAT DDRAVNRAVA
110 120 130 140 150
AQADALNIPV CAVDDPEPSS FITPAQIHRG PVRIAISTGG AAPVLARRLR
160 170 180 190 200
ERIEAVMPAG LDALARFLQA ERAHVVAACP DIGRRRRVWE DFLDGPGGEA
210 220 230 240 250
AQRGEHAAAR QVLDHLLAGA QTGGEVWLVG AGPGDPDLLT LRALHLMQNA
260 270 280 290 300
DSVLYDQLLP PALMDRVRRD AERVFVGKQR DRHTMPQDDI NAELIRRARA
310 320 330 340 350
GERVLRLKGG DPFIFGRGGE EIEALMAAGI PFQVVPGITA ASGCAAYAGI
360 370 380 390 400
PLTHRDCAQS CLFVTGHARR DGTLDLPWDS MARPGQTIAI YMGVTALPDL
410 420 430 440 450
CTMLVRHGLP PDWPAAVVER GTRPDQRVLT GTLADLPALA RAHAVGSPAL
460 470
VLVGQVVRHR VVTPPPLSGT
Length:470
Mass (Da):50,124
Last modified:February 5, 2008 - v1
Checksum:i70D8FF743EA97B96
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AM889285 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAP54108.1.
CP001189 Genomic DNA. Translation: ACI51990.1.
RefSeqiWP_012222404.1. NC_011365.1.

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiACI51990; ACI51990; Gdia_2235.
CAP54108; CAP54108; GDI0165.
KEGGigdi:GDI_0165.
gdj:Gdia_2235.
PATRICi22052918. VBIGluDia203729_2239.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AM889285 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAP54108.1.
CP001189 Genomic DNA. Translation: ACI51990.1.
RefSeqiWP_012222404.1. NC_011365.1.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA9H259.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi272568.Gdia_2235.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiACI51990; ACI51990; Gdia_2235.
CAP54108; CAP54108; GDI0165.
KEGGigdi:GDI_0165.
gdj:Gdia_2235.
PATRICi22052918. VBIGluDia203729_2239.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0007.
HOGENOMiHOG000290518.
KOiK02302.
OMAiEITHCHA.
OrthoDBiEOG6DRPFR.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00148; UER00211.
UPA00148; UER00222.
UPA00262; UER00211.
UPA00262; UER00222.
UPA00262; UER00376.
BioCyciGDIA272568:GJPS-171-MONOMER.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.8.210. 1 hit.
3.30.950.10. 1 hit.
3.40.1010.10. 1 hit.
3.40.50.720. 1 hit.
HAMAPiMF_01646. Siroheme_synth.
InterProiIPR000878. 4pyrrol_Mease.
IPR014777. 4pyrrole_Mease_sub1.
IPR014776. 4pyrrole_Mease_sub2.
IPR006366. CobA/CysG_C.
IPR016040. NAD(P)-bd_dom.
IPR012409. Sirohaem_synth.
IPR019478. Sirohaem_synthase_dimer_dom.
IPR006367. Sirohaem_synthase_N.
IPR003043. Uropor_MeTrfase_CS.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF10414. CysG_dimeriser. 1 hit.
PF13241. NAD_binding_7. 1 hit.
PF00590. TP_methylase. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
PIRSFiPIRSF036426. Sirohaem_synth. 1 hit.
SUPFAMiSSF53790. SSF53790. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01469. cobA_cysG_Cterm. 1 hit.
TIGR01470. cysG_Nterm. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00839. SUMT_1. 1 hit.
PS00840. SUMT_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Complete genome sequence of the sugarcane nitrogen-fixing endophyte Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Pal5."
    Bertalan M., Albano R., de Padua V., Rouws L., Rojas C., Hemerly A., Teixeira K., Schwab S., Araujo J., Oliveira A., Franca L., Magalhaes V., Alqueres S., Cardoso A., Almeida W., Loureiro M.M., Nogueira E., Cidade D.
    , Oliveira D., Simao T., Macedo J., Valadao A., Dreschsel M., Freitas F., Vidal M., Guedes H., Rodrigues E., Meneses C., Brioso P., Pozzer L., Figueiredo D., Montano H., Junior J., de Souza Filho G., Martin Quintana Flores V., Ferreira B., Branco A., Gonzalez P., Guillobel H., Lemos M., Seibel L., Macedo J., Alves-Ferreira M., Sachetto-Martins G., Coelho A., Santos E., Amaral G., Neves A., Pacheco A.B., Carvalho D., Lery L., Bisch P., Rossle S.C., Urmenyi T., Rael Pereira A., Silva R., Rondinelli E., von Kruger W., Martins O., Baldani J.I., Ferreira P.C.
    BMC Genomics 10:450-450(2009) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: ATCC 49037 / DSM 5601 / PAl5.
  2. "Two genome sequences of the same bacterial strain, Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus PAl 5, suggest a new standard in genome sequence submission."
    Giongo A., Tyler H.L., Zipperer U.N., Triplett E.W.
    Stand. Genomic Sci. 2:309-317(2010) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
    Strain: ATCC 49037 / DSM 5601 / PAl5.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCYSG_GLUDA
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A9H259
Secondary accession number(s): B5ZEK0
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 29, 2008
Last sequence update: February 5, 2008
Last modified: July 22, 2015
This is version 63 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Multifunctional enzyme, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.