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Protein

Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial

Gene

ACADM

Organism
Pan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 4 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

This enzyme is specific for acyl chain lengths of 4 to 16.By similarity

Catalytic activityi

A medium-chain acyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = a medium-chain trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein.

Cofactori

FADBy similarity

Pathwayi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Binding sitei167 – 1671Substrate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity
Binding sitei216 – 2161SubstrateBy similarity
Active sitei401 – 4011Proton acceptorBy similarity
Binding sitei402 – 4021Substrate; via amide nitrogenBy similarity
Binding sitei413 – 4131SubstrateBy similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Nucleotide bindingi158 – 16710FADBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi191 – 1933FADBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi306 – 3083FADBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi316 – 3172FADBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi374 – 3785FADBy similarity
Nucleotide bindingi403 – 4053FADBy similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

  1. flavin adenine dinucleotide binding Source: InterPro
  2. medium-chain-acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity Source: Ensembl

GO - Biological processi

  1. cardiac muscle cell differentiation Source: Ensembl
  2. carnitine metabolic process, CoA-linked Source: Ensembl
  3. fatty acid beta-oxidation using acyl-CoA dehydrogenase Source: Ensembl
  4. glycogen biosynthetic process Source: Ensembl
  5. liver development Source: Ensembl
  6. medium-chain fatty acid metabolic process Source: Ensembl
  7. post-embryonic development Source: Ensembl
  8. regulation of gluconeogenesis Source: Ensembl
  9. response to cold Source: Ensembl
  10. response to starvation Source: Ensembl
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Molecular functioni

Oxidoreductase

Keywords - Biological processi

Fatty acid metabolism, Lipid metabolism

Keywords - Ligandi

FAD, Flavoprotein

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00660.

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial (EC:1.3.8.7)
Short name:
MCAD
Gene namesi
Name:ACADM
OrganismiPan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
Taxonomic identifieri9598 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePan
ProteomesiUP000002277 Componenti: Chromosome 1

Subcellular locationi

  1. Mitochondrion matrix By similarity

GO - Cellular componenti

  1. mitochondrial matrix Source: UniProtKB-SubCell
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Transit peptidei1 – 2525MitochondrionBy similarityAdd
BLAST
Chaini26 – 421396Medium-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrialPRO_0000295306Add
BLAST

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Modified residuei69 – 691N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei69 – 691N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei179 – 1791N6-succinyllysineBy similarity
Modified residuei212 – 2121N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei212 – 2121N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei217 – 2171N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei217 – 2171N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei271 – 2711N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei271 – 2711N6-succinyllysine; alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei279 – 2791N6-acetyllysineBy similarity
Modified residuei301 – 3011N6-acetyllysineBy similarity

Post-translational modificationi

Acetylation at Lys-307 and Lys-311 in proximity of the cofactor-binding sites reduces catalytic activity. These sites are deacetylated by SIRT3 (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiA5A6I0.

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9598.ENSPTRP00000001508.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA5A6I0.
SMRiA5A6I0. Positions 34-421.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
Regioni278 – 2814Substrate bindingBy similarity

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1960.
HOGENOMiHOG000131659.
HOVERGENiHBG000224.
InParanoidiA5A6I0.
KOiK00249.
OMAiIAMGTFD.
OrthoDBiEOG74FF0S.
TreeFamiTF105020.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.540.10. 1 hit.
2.40.110.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR006089. Acyl-CoA_DH_CS.
IPR006091. Acyl-CoA_Oxase/DH_cen-dom.
IPR009075. AcylCo_DH/oxidase_C.
IPR013786. AcylCoA_DH/ox_N.
IPR009100. AcylCoA_DH/oxidase_NM_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00441. Acyl-CoA_dh_1. 1 hit.
PF02770. Acyl-CoA_dh_M. 1 hit.
PF02771. Acyl-CoA_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47203. SSF47203. 1 hit.
SSF56645. SSF56645. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00072. ACYL_COA_DH_1. 1 hit.
PS00073. ACYL_COA_DH_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

A5A6I0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MAAGFGRCCR VLRSISRFQW RSQHTKANRQ REPGLGFSFE FTEQQKEFQA
60 70 80 90 100
TARKFAREEI IPVAAEYDKT GEYPVPLIRR AWELGLMNTH IPENCGGLGL
110 120 130 140 150
GTFDACLISE ELAYGCTGVQ TAIEGNSLGQ MPIIIAGNDQ QKKKYLGRMT
160 170 180 190 200
EEPLMCAYCV TEPGAGSDVA GIKTKAEKKG DEYIINGQKM WITNGGKANW
210 220 230 240 250
YFLLARSDPD PKAPANKAFT GFIVEADTPG IQIGRKELNM GQRCSDTRGI
260 270 280 290 300
VFEDVKVPRE NVLIGDGAGF KVAMGAFDKT RPVVAAGAVG LAQRALDEAT
310 320 330 340 350
KYALERKTFG KLLVEHQAIS FMLAEMAMKV ELARMSYQRA AWEVDSGRRN
360 370 380 390 400
TYYASIAKAF AGDIANQLAT DAVQILGGNG FNTEYPVEKL MRDAKIYQIY
410 420
EGTSQIQRLI VAREHIDKYK N
Length:421
Mass (Da):46,607
Last modified:June 12, 2007 - v1
Checksum:iAF7FDB95417441DE
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB222108 mRNA. Translation: BAF62353.1.
RefSeqiNP_001104286.1. NM_001110816.1.
UniGeneiPtr.3961.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSPTRT00000059079; ENSPTRP00000052172; ENSPTRG00000000871.
GeneIDi469356.
KEGGiptr:469356.

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AB222108 mRNA. Translation: BAF62353.1.
RefSeqiNP_001104286.1. NM_001110816.1.
UniGeneiPtr.3961.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA5A6I0.
SMRiA5A6I0. Positions 34-421.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9598.ENSPTRP00000001508.

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiA5A6I0.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSPTRT00000059079; ENSPTRP00000052172; ENSPTRG00000000871.
GeneIDi469356.
KEGGiptr:469356.

Organism-specific databases

CTDi34.

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG1960.
HOGENOMiHOG000131659.
HOVERGENiHBG000224.
InParanoidiA5A6I0.
KOiK00249.
OMAiIAMGTFD.
OrthoDBiEOG74FF0S.
TreeFamiTF105020.

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00660.

Miscellaneous databases

NextBioi20846770.

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.10.540.10. 1 hit.
2.40.110.10. 1 hit.
InterProiIPR006089. Acyl-CoA_DH_CS.
IPR006091. Acyl-CoA_Oxase/DH_cen-dom.
IPR009075. AcylCo_DH/oxidase_C.
IPR013786. AcylCoA_DH/ox_N.
IPR009100. AcylCoA_DH/oxidase_NM_dom.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF00441. Acyl-CoA_dh_1. 1 hit.
PF02770. Acyl-CoA_dh_M. 1 hit.
PF02771. Acyl-CoA_dh_N. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMiSSF47203. SSF47203. 1 hit.
SSF56645. SSF56645. 1 hit.
PROSITEiPS00072. ACYL_COA_DH_1. 1 hit.
PS00073. ACYL_COA_DH_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Publicationsi

  1. "Mapping of chimpanzee full-length cDNAs onto the human genome unveils large potential divergence of the transcriptome."
    Sakate R., Suto Y., Imanishi T., Tanoue T., Hida M., Hayasaka I., Kusuda J., Gojobori T., Hashimoto K., Hirai M.
    Gene 399:1-10(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
    Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA].
    Tissue: Cerebellum.

Entry informationi

Entry nameiACADM_PANTR
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A5A6I0
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 24, 2007
Last sequence update: June 12, 2007
Last modified: March 4, 2015
This is version 60 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Miscellaneous

A number of straight-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases of different substrate specificities are present in mammalian tissues.

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

External Data

Dasty 3

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into Uniref entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.