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A3LZZ0

- H2A1_PICST

UniProt

A3LZZ0 - H2A1_PICST

Protein

Histone H2A.1

Gene

HTA2

Organism
Scheffersomyces stipitis (strain ATCC 58785 / CBS 6054 / NBRC 10063 / NRRL Y-11545) (Yeast) (Pichia stipitis)
Status
Reviewed - Annotation score: 4 out of 5- Protein inferred from homologyi
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    • History
      Entry version 50 (01 Oct 2014)
      Sequence version 1 (03 Apr 2007)
      Previous versions | rss
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    Functioni

    Core component of nucleosome which plays a central role in DNA double strand break (DSB) repair. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Sitei119 – 1191Not ubiquitinatedCurated

    GO - Molecular functioni

    1. DNA binding Source: UniProtKB-KW

    GO - Biological processi

    1. DNA repair Source: UniProtKB-KW
    2. nucleosome assembly Source: InterPro

    Keywords - Biological processi

    DNA damage, DNA repair

    Keywords - Ligandi

    DNA-binding

    Names & Taxonomyi

    Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Histone H2A.1
    Gene namesi
    Name:HTA2
    ORF Names:PICST_37161
    OrganismiScheffersomyces stipitis (strain ATCC 58785 / CBS 6054 / NBRC 10063 / NRRL Y-11545) (Yeast) (Pichia stipitis)
    Taxonomic identifieri322104 [NCBI]
    Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesDebaryomycetaceaeScheffersomyces
    ProteomesiUP000002258: Chromosome 8

    Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    1. nucleosome Source: UniProtKB-KW
    2. nucleus Source: UniProtKB-SubCell

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Chromosome, Nucleosome core, Nucleus

    PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Initiator methioninei1 – 11RemovedBy similarity
    Chaini2 – 131130Histone H2A.1PRO_0000297740Add
    BLAST

    Amino acid modifications

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Modified residuei2 – 21N-acetylserineBy similarity
    Modified residuei5 – 51N6-acetyllysineBy similarity
    Modified residuei7 – 71N6-acetyllysineBy similarity
    Modified residuei105 – 1051N5-methylglutamineBy similarity
    Cross-linki126 – 126Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO)By similarity
    Modified residuei128 – 1281PhosphoserineBy similarity

    Post-translational modificationi

    Phosphorylated to form H2AS128ph (gamma-H2A) in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) generated by exogenous genotoxic agents and by stalled replication forks. Phosphorylation is dependent on the DNA damage checkpoint kinases MEC1/ATR and TEL1/ATM, spreads on either side of a detected DSB site and may mark the surrounding chromatin for recruitment of proteins required for DNA damage signaling and repair. Gamma-H2A is removed from the DNA prior to the strand invasion-primer extension step of the repair process and subsequently dephosphorylated. Dephosphorylation is necessary for efficient recovery from the DNA damage checkpoint By similarity.By similarity
    Acetylated by ESA1 to form H2AK4ac and H2AK7ac.By similarity

    Keywords - PTMi

    Acetylation, Isopeptide bond, Methylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

    Interactioni

    Subunit structurei

    The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi4924.PICST_37161.

    Structurei

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortaliA3LZZ0.
    SMRiA3LZZ0. Positions 13-120.
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Family & Domainsi

    Motif

    Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifierActions
    Motifi128 – 1292[ST]-Q motif

    Domaini

    The [ST]-Q motif constitutes a recognition sequence for kinases from the PI3/PI4-kinase family.

    Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the histone H2A family.Curated

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGiCOG5262.
    HOGENOMiHOG000234652.
    KOiK11251.
    OMAiGYKRAGP.
    OrthoDBiEOG7GN30N.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di1.10.20.10. 1 hit.
    InterProiIPR009072. Histone-fold.
    IPR007125. Histone_core_D.
    IPR002119. Histone_H2A.
    [Graphical view]
    PfamiPF00125. Histone. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    PRINTSiPR00620. HISTONEH2A.
    SMARTiSM00414. H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]
    SUPFAMiSSF47113. SSF47113. 1 hit.
    PROSITEiPS00046. HISTONE_H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view]

    Sequencei

    Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

    A3LZZ0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to Basket

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    MSGGKGKAGS SEKASTSRSA KAGLTFPVGR VHRLLRKGNY AQRVGSGAPV    50
    YLTSVLEYLA AEILELAGNA ARDNKKSRII PRHLQLAIRN DEELNKLLGH 100
    VTIAQGGVLP NIHQNLLPKK SGKSAKASQE L 131
    Length:131
    Mass (Da):13,948
    Last modified:April 3, 2007 - v1
    Checksum:i7FCE748283C8D4AA
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    CP000502 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABN68622.1.
    RefSeqiXP_001386651.1. XM_001386614.1.

    Genome annotation databases

    GeneIDi4840891.
    KEGGipic:PICST_37161.

    Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBL
    GenBank
    DDBJ
    Links Updated
    CP000502 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABN68622.1 .
    RefSeqi XP_001386651.1. XM_001386614.1.

    3D structure databases

    ProteinModelPortali A3LZZ0.
    SMRi A3LZZ0. Positions 13-120.
    ModBasei Search...
    MobiDBi Search...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    STRINGi 4924.PICST_37161.

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology Knowledgebase Search...

    Genome annotation databases

    GeneIDi 4840891.
    KEGGi pic:PICST_37161.

    Phylogenomic databases

    eggNOGi COG5262.
    HOGENOMi HOG000234652.
    KOi K11251.
    OMAi GYKRAGP.
    OrthoDBi EOG7GN30N.

    Family and domain databases

    Gene3Di 1.10.20.10. 1 hit.
    InterProi IPR009072. Histone-fold.
    IPR007125. Histone_core_D.
    IPR002119. Histone_H2A.
    [Graphical view ]
    Pfami PF00125. Histone. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    PRINTSi PR00620. HISTONEH2A.
    SMARTi SM00414. H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    SUPFAMi SSF47113. SSF47113. 1 hit.
    PROSITEi PS00046. HISTONE_H2A. 1 hit.
    [Graphical view ]
    ProtoNeti Search...

    Publicationsi

    1. Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
      Strain: ATCC 58785 / CBS 6054 / NBRC 10063 / NRRL Y-11545.

    Entry informationi

    Entry nameiH2A1_PICST
    AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A3LZZ0
    Entry historyi
    Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 21, 2007
    Last sequence update: April 3, 2007
    Last modified: October 1, 2014
    This is version 50 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
    Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

    Miscellaneousi

    Miscellaneous

    In contrast to vertebrates and insects, its C-terminus is not monoubiquitinated.Curated

    Caution

    To ensure consistency between histone entries, we follow the 'Brno' nomenclature for histone modifications, with positions referring to those used in the literature for the 'closest' model organism. Due to slight variations in histone sequences between organisms and to the presence of initiator methionine in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot sequences, the actual positions of modified amino acids in the sequence generally differ. In this entry the following conventions are used: H2AK4ac = acetylated Lys-5; H2AK7ac = acetylated Lys-7; H2AK126su = sumoylated Lys-126; H2AS128ph = phosphorylated Ser-128.Curated

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Complete proteome, Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families

    External Data

    Dasty 3