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Protein

Ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1

Gene

UBA1

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Catalyzes the first step in ubiquitin conjugation to mark cellular proteins for degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Activates ubiquitin by first adenylating its C-terminal glycine residue with ATP, and thereafter linking this residue to the side chain of a cysteine residue in E1, yielding a ubiquitin-E1 thioester and free AMP. Essential for the formation of radiation-induced foci, timely DNA repair and for response to replication stress. Promotes the recruitment of TP53BP1 and BRCA1 at DNA damage sites.By similarity

Miscellaneous

There are two active sites within the E1 molecule, allowing it to accommodate two ubiquitin moieties at a time, with a new ubiquitin forming an adenylate intermediate as the previous one is transferred to the thiol site.By similarity

Catalytic activityi

ATP + ubiquitin + [E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme]-L-cysteine = AMP + diphosphate + S-ubiquitinyl-[E1 ubiquitin-activating enzyme]-L-cysteine.By similarity

Pathwayi: protein ubiquitination

This protein is involved in the pathway protein ubiquitination, which is part of Protein modification.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway protein ubiquitination and in Protein modification.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei478ATP; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei504ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei515ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei528ATPBy similarity1
Active sitei632Glycyl thioester intermediatePROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi576 – 577ATPBy similarity2

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionLigase
Biological processUbl conjugation pathway
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-8866652 Synthesis of active ubiquitin: roles of E1 and E2 enzymes
R-BTA-983168 Antigen processing: Ubiquitination & Proteasome degradation
UniPathwayiUPA00143

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1 (EC:6.2.1.45By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1
Gene namesi
Name:UBA1
Synonyms:UBE1
OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 Componenti: Chromosome X

Organism-specific databases

VGNCiVGNC:36561 UBA1

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
ChainiPRO_00003283622 – 1058Ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 1Add BLAST1057

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei2N-acetylserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei4PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei13PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei21PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei24PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei46PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei55PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
Modified residuei528N6-succinyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei671N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei800PhosphothreonineBy similarity1
Modified residuei810PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei816PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei820PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei835PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei980N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

ISGylated.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA3KMV5
PeptideAtlasiA3KMV5
PRIDEiA3KMV5

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000016764

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Monomer. Interacts with GAN (via BTB domain) (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi159880, 2 interactors
STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000022299

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA3KMV5
SMRiA3KMV5
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Repeati63 – 1991-1Add BLAST137
Repeati459 – 6111-2Add BLAST153

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni63 – 6112 approximate repeatsAdd BLAST549

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the ubiquitin-activating E1 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2012 Eukaryota
COG0476 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000016689
HOGENOMiHOG000167329
HOVERGENiHBG054199
InParanoidiA3KMV5
KOiK03178
OMAiLKNWSMM
OrthoDBiEOG091G0130
TreeFamiTF300586

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.10.290.60, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR032420 E1_4HB
IPR032418 E1_FCCH
IPR000594 ThiF_NAD_FAD-bd
IPR018965 Ub-activating_enz_E1_C
IPR038252 UBA_E1_C_sf
IPR019572 UBA_E1_Cys
IPR035985 Ubiquitin-activating_enz
IPR018075 UBQ-activ_enz_E1
IPR018074 UBQ-activ_enz_E1_CS
IPR033127 UBQ-activ_enz_E1_Cys_AS
IPR000011 UBQ/SUMO-activ_enz_E1-like
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16191 E1_4HB, 1 hit
PF16190 E1_FCCH, 1 hit
PF09358 E1_UFD, 1 hit
PF00899 ThiF, 2 hits
PF10585 UBA_e1_thiolCys, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01849 UBIQUITINACT
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00985 UBA_e1_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF69572 SSF69572, 2 hits
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01408 Ube1, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00536 UBIQUITIN_ACTIVAT_1, 1 hit
PS00865 UBIQUITIN_ACTIVAT_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

A3KMV5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSSSPLSKKR RVSGPDPKPG SNCSPAHSVL SEVPSVPANG MAKNVSDADI
60 70 80 90 100
DEGLYSRQLY VLGHEAMKRL QTSSVLVSGL RGLGVEIAKN IILGGVKAVT
110 120 130 140 150
LHDQGTAQWA DLSSQFYLRE EDIGKNRAEV SQPRLAELNS YVPVSAYTGP
160 170 180 190 200
LVEDFLSDFQ VVVLTNSPLE DQLRVGEFCH SHGIKLVVAD TRGLFGQLFC
210 220 230 240 250
DFGEEMILTD SNGEQPLSAM VSMVTKDNPG VVTCLDEARH GFESGDFVSF
260 270 280 290 300
SEVQGMIELN GSQPMEIKVL GPYTFSICDT SNFSDYIRGG IVSQVKVPKK
310 320 330 340 350
ISFKSLPASL AEPDFVMTDF AKYSRPAQLH IGFQALHHFC AQHGRSPRPH
360 370 380 390 400
NEEDAAELVT IAQAVNARSL PAVQQGSLDE DLIRKLAYVA AGDLAPINAF
410 420 430 440 450
IGGLAAQEVM KACSGKFMPI MQWLYFDALE CLPEDKEALT EDKCLPRQNR
460 470 480 490 500
YDGQVAVFGS DLQERLGKQK YFLVGAGAIG CELLKNFAMI GLGCAEDGEI
510 520 530 540 550
VVTDMDTIEK SNLNRQFLFR PWDVTKLKSD TAAAAVRQMN PHIRVTSHQN
560 570 580 590 600
RVGPDTERIY DDDFFQNLDG VTNALDNVDA RMYMDRRCVY YRKPLLESGT
610 620 630 640 650
LGTKGNVQVV IPFLTESYSS SQDPPEKSIP ICTLKNFPNA IEHTLQWARD
660 670 680 690 700
EFEGLFKQPA ENVNQYLTDP KFVERTLRLA GTQPLEVLEA VQRSLVLQRP
710 720 730 740 750
QTWADCVTWA CHHWHTQYSN NIRQLLHNFP PDQLTSSGAP FWSGPKRCPH
760 770 780 790 800
PLTFDVSNPL HLDYVIAAAN LFAQTYGLTG SQDRAAVATL LQSVQVPEFT
810 820 830 840 850
PKSGVKIHVS DQELQSANAS VDDSRLEELK ATLPSPEKLP GFKMYPIDFE
860 870 880 890 900
KDDDTNFHMD FIVAASNLRA ENYDIPPADR HKSKLIAGKI IPAIATTTAA
910 920 930 940 950
VVGLVCLELY KVVQGHRQLN SYKNGFLNLA LPFFGFSEPL AAPRHQYYNQ
960 970 980 990 1000
EWTLWDRFEV QGLQPNGEEM TLKQFLDYFK TEHKLEITML SQGVSMLYSF
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
FMPAAKLKER LDQPMTEIVS RVSKRKLGRH VRALVLELCC NDESGEDVEV

PYVRYTIR
Length:1,058
Mass (Da):117,830
Last modified:April 3, 2007 - v1
Checksum:iD723D3903025D982
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC133293 mRNA Translation: AAI33294.1
RefSeqiNP_001095947.1, NM_001102477.1
XP_005228124.1, XM_005228067.3
XP_005228125.1, XM_005228068.2
XP_005228126.1, XM_005228069.2
UniGeneiBt.48363

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000022299; ENSBTAP00000022299; ENSBTAG00000016764
GeneIDi282869
KEGGibta:282869

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiUBA1_BOVIN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A3KMV5
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 8, 2008
Last sequence update: April 3, 2007
Last modified: March 28, 2018
This is version 86 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health