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Protein

Coiled-coil domain-containing protein 78

Gene

CCDC78

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: Annotation score: 5 out of 5-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli

Functioni

Component of the deuterosome, a structure that promotes de novo centriole amplification in multiciliated cells that can generate more than 100 centrioles. Deuterosome-mediated centriole amplification occurs in terminally differentiated multiciliated cells (G1/0) and not in S phase. Essential for centriole amplification and is required for CEP152 localization to the deuterosome.1 Publication

GO - Biological processi

  • cell projection organization Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • de novo centriole assembly Source: UniProtKB
  • skeletal muscle contraction Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Biological processi

Cilium biogenesis/degradation

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Coiled-coil domain-containing protein 78
Alternative name(s):
hsCCDC78
Gene namesi
Name:CCDC78
Synonyms:C16orf25
ORF Names:JFP10
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 16

Organism-specific databases

HGNCiHGNC:14153. CCDC78.

Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  • centriole Source: UniProtKB
  • deuterosome Source: UniProtKB
  • perinuclear region of cytoplasm Source: UniProtKB
  • sarcolemma Source: UniProtKB
  • sarcoplasmic reticulum Source: UniProtKB
Complete GO annotation...

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Membrane, Sarcoplasmic reticulum

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Myopathy, centronuclear, 4 (CNM4)1 Publication
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA congenital muscle disorder characterized by progressive muscular weakness and wasting involving mainly limb girdle, trunk, and neck muscles. It may also affect distal muscles. Weakness may be present during childhood or adolescence or may not become evident until the third decade of life. Ptosis is a frequent clinical feature. The most prominent histopathologic features include high frequency of centrally located nuclei in muscle fibers not secondary to regeneration, radial arrangement of sarcoplasmic strands around the central nuclei, and predominance and hypotrophy of type 1 fibers.
See also OMIM:614807

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi124093.
MalaCardsiCCDC78.
MIMi614807. phenotype.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000162004.
Orphaneti319160. Congenital myopathy with internal nuclei and atypical cores.
PharmGKBiPA25539.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiCCDC78.

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00002918411 – 438Coiled-coil domain-containing protein 78Add BLAST438

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA2IDD5.
PRIDEiA2IDD5.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiA2IDD5.
PhosphoSitePlusiA2IDD5.

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Expressed primarily in skeletal muscle.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000162004.
CleanExiHS_CCDC78.
ExpressionAtlasiA2IDD5. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiA2IDD5. HS.

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA041186.
HPA041384.

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiA2IDD5. 1 interactor.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000293889.

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA2IDD5.
SMRiA2IDD5.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Coiled coil

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Coiled coili74 – 105Sequence analysisAdd BLAST32
Coiled coili217 – 246Sequence analysisAdd BLAST30

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the CCDC78 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IG0Z. Eukaryota.
ENOG410Z48M. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000013678.
InParanoidiA2IDD5.
OMAiNAMNPEN.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0H5Z.
PhylomeDBiA2IDD5.
TreeFamiTF336362.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR029329. DUF4472.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF14739. DUF4472. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]

Sequences (6)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 6 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform 1 (identifier: A2IDD5-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MEHAATTGPR PGPPSRRVEN VVLRAKDWLP GAPGGTAVWA TSLEAEVPPD
60 70 80 90 100
LALNKEQQLQ ISKELVDIQI TTHHLHEQHE AEIFQLKSEI LRLESRVLEL
110 120 130 140 150
ELRGDGTSQG CAVPVESDPR HPRAAAQELR HKAQVPGHSD DHRFQVQPKN
160 170 180 190 200
TMNPENEQHR LGSGLQGEVK WALEHQEARQ QALVTRVATL GRQLQGAREE
210 220 230 240 250
ARAAGQRLAT QAVVLCSCQG QLRQAEAENA RLQLQLKKLK DEYVLRLQHC
260 270 280 290 300
AWQAVEHADG AGQAPATTAL RTFLEATLED IRAAHRSREQ QLARAARSYH
310 320 330 340 350
KRLVDLSRRH EELLVAYRAP GNPQAIFDIA SLDLEPLPVP LVTDFSHRED
360 370 380 390 400
QHGGPGALLS SPKKRPGGAS QGGTSEPQGL DAASWAQIHQ KLRDFSRSTQ
410 420 430
SWNGSGHSCW SGPRWLKSNF LSYRSTWTST WAGTSTKS
Length:438
Mass (Da):48,521
Last modified:February 20, 2007 - v1
Checksum:iC178BF32086E2560
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: A2IDD5-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     188-438: Missing.

Show »
Length:187
Mass (Da):20,887
Checksum:i13375CC87D8032C6
GO
Isoform 3 (identifier: A2IDD5-3) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     165-273: LQGEVKWALE...APATTALRTF → VSVQPPSSGE...PGSDWPHRLW
     274-438: Missing.

Note: Due to intron retention.
Show »
Length:273
Mass (Da):29,120
Checksum:i94C38D2CF465E9F8
GO
Isoform 4 (identifier: A2IDD5-4) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     165-257: LQGEVKWALE...QHCAWQAVEH → VSVQPPSSGE...LPRPAPSGRG
     258-438: Missing.

Note: Due to intron retention.
Show »
Length:257
Mass (Da):26,532
Checksum:i33562B7C07665F3D
GO
Isoform 5 (identifier: A2IDD5-5) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     20-20: N → NVSPLGLAAP...PGEWVAVPPQ
     165-273: LQGEVKWALE...APATTALRTF → VSVQPPSSGE...PGSDWPHRLW
     274-438: Missing.

Note: Due to intron retention.
Show »
Length:347
Mass (Da):36,680
Checksum:iC0CCE9BC4AE3B52B
GO
Isoform 6 (identifier: A2IDD5-6) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     134-144: Missing.
     165-273: LQGEVKWALE...APATTALRTF → VSVQPPSSGE...PGSDWPHRLW
     274-438: Missing.

Note: Due to intron retention.
Show »
Length:262
Mass (Da):27,844
Checksum:i1C9E6F74AEA7131D
GO

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAK61249 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous gene model prediction.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti68I → T in AAR13900 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti153N → D in BAC87488 (PubMed:14702039).Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_032867252W → R.1 PublicationCorresponds to variant rs2071950dbSNPEnsembl.1

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Alternative sequenceiVSP_02625220N → NVSPLGLAAPAMGLKSARSP KGQEGAGSCTLGLISARRGT FTAQPGREAGLVTAWEWGHS PAWDPPGEWVAVPPQ in isoform 5. 1 Publication1
Alternative sequenceiVSP_026253134 – 144Missing in isoform 6. 1 PublicationAdd BLAST11
Alternative sequenceiVSP_026254165 – 273LQGEV…ALRTF → VSVQPPSSGERAAPETPSLG SHPASPVCPTAAGGSEVGAG ASGGPAAGTGDACVSGHLTW GPILEQREPLIVGLLSLTPV SSGQPWAGSCREPERRPGQP GSDWPHRLW in isoform 3, isoform 5 and isoform 6. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST109
Alternative sequenceiVSP_026255165 – 257LQGEV…QAVEH → VSVQPPSSGERAAPETPSLG SHPASPVCPTAAGGSEVGAG ASGGPAAGTGDACGNPGPAA AGSPRGGQGSRAATGHTGCG AVQLPRPAPSGRG in isoform 4. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST93
Alternative sequenceiVSP_026256188 – 438Missing in isoform 2. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST251
Alternative sequenceiVSP_026257258 – 438Missing in isoform 4. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST181
Alternative sequenceiVSP_026258274 – 438Missing in isoform 3, isoform 5 and isoform 6. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST165

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK091831 mRNA. Translation: BAC03757.1.
AK128538 mRNA. Translation: BAC87488.1.
AK298111 mRNA. Translation: BAG60396.1.
AK303991 mRNA. Translation: BAG64908.1.
AY439221 mRNA. Translation: AAR13900.1.
AE006464 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK61249.1. Sequence problems.
Z98258 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26479.1.
CH471112 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW85742.1.
BC027941 mRNA. No translation available.
BC031561 mRNA. No translation available.
BC042110 mRNA. Translation: AAH42110.1.
CCDSiCCDS32353.1. [A2IDD5-1]
RefSeqiNP_001026907.2. NM_001031737.2. [A2IDD5-1]
UniGeneiHs.381943.

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000293889; ENSP00000293889; ENSG00000162004. [A2IDD5-1]
GeneIDi124093.
KEGGihsa:124093.
UCSCiuc002cjg.3. human. [A2IDD5-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing, Polymorphism

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AK091831 mRNA. Translation: BAC03757.1.
AK128538 mRNA. Translation: BAC87488.1.
AK298111 mRNA. Translation: BAG60396.1.
AK303991 mRNA. Translation: BAG64908.1.
AY439221 mRNA. Translation: AAR13900.1.
AE006464 Genomic DNA. Translation: AAK61249.1. Sequence problems.
Z98258 Genomic DNA. Translation: CAM26479.1.
CH471112 Genomic DNA. Translation: EAW85742.1.
BC027941 mRNA. No translation available.
BC031561 mRNA. No translation available.
BC042110 mRNA. Translation: AAH42110.1.
CCDSiCCDS32353.1. [A2IDD5-1]
RefSeqiNP_001026907.2. NM_001031737.2. [A2IDD5-1]
UniGeneiHs.381943.

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliA2IDD5.
SMRiA2IDD5.
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiA2IDD5. 1 interactor.
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000293889.

PTM databases

iPTMnetiA2IDD5.
PhosphoSitePlusiA2IDD5.

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiCCDC78.

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiA2IDD5.
PRIDEiA2IDD5.

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000293889; ENSP00000293889; ENSG00000162004. [A2IDD5-1]
GeneIDi124093.
KEGGihsa:124093.
UCSCiuc002cjg.3. human. [A2IDD5-1]

Organism-specific databases

CTDi124093.
DisGeNETi124093.
GeneCardsiCCDC78.
HGNCiHGNC:14153. CCDC78.
HPAiHPA041186.
HPA041384.
MalaCardsiCCDC78.
MIMi614666. gene.
614807. phenotype.
neXtProtiNX_A2IDD5.
OpenTargetsiENSG00000162004.
Orphaneti319160. Congenital myopathy with internal nuclei and atypical cores.
PharmGKBiPA25539.
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IG0Z. Eukaryota.
ENOG410Z48M. LUCA.
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000013678.
InParanoidiA2IDD5.
OMAiNAMNPEN.
OrthoDBiEOG091G0H5Z.
PhylomeDBiA2IDD5.
TreeFamiTF336362.

Miscellaneous databases

GenomeRNAii124093.
PROiA2IDD5.
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000162004.
CleanExiHS_CCDC78.
ExpressionAtlasiA2IDD5. baseline and differential.
GenevisibleiA2IDD5. HS.

Family and domain databases

InterProiIPR029329. DUF4472.
[Graphical view]
PfamiPF14739. DUF4472. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiCCD78_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: A2IDD5
Secondary accession number(s): B4DNY4
, B4E1U6, Q05BY7, Q05CA0, Q6T2V5, Q6ZR33, Q8IUR3, Q8NAY7, Q96S12
Entry historyi
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 26, 2007
Last sequence update: February 20, 2007
Last modified: November 2, 2016
This is version 76 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Human chromosome 16
    Human chromosome 16: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

Similar proteinsi

Links to similar proteins from the UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef) at 100%, 90% and 50% sequence identity:
100%UniRef100 combines identical sequences and sub-fragments with 11 or more residues from any organism into one UniRef entry.
90%UniRef90 is built by clustering UniRef100 sequences that have at least 90% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence (a.k.a seed sequence).
50%UniRef50 is built by clustering UniRef90 seed sequences that have at least 50% sequence identity to, and 80% overlap with, the longest sequence in the cluster.