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A1R6Q8 (PSA_ARTAT) Reviewed, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

Last modified June 11, 2014. Version 54. Feed History...

Clusters with 100%, 90%, 50% identity | Documents (3) | Third-party data text xml rdf/xml gff fasta
to top of pageNames·Attributes·General annotation·Ontologies·Sequence annotation·Sequences·References·Cross-refs·Entry info·DocumentsCustomize order

Names and origin

Protein namesRecommended name:
Proteasome subunit alpha

EC=3.4.25.1
Alternative name(s):
20S proteasome alpha subunit
Proteasome core protein PrcA
Gene names
Name:prcA
Ordered Locus Names:AAur_2178
OrganismArthrobacter aurescens (strain TC1) [Complete proteome] [HAMAP]
Taxonomic identifier290340 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageBacteriaActinobacteriaActinobacteridaeActinomycetalesMicrococcineaeMicrococcaceaeArthrobacter

Protein attributes

Sequence length235 AA.
Sequence statusComplete.
Protein existenceInferred from homology

General annotation (Comments)

Function

Component of the proteasome core, a large protease complex with broad specificity involved in protein degradation By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00289

Catalytic activity

Cleavage of peptide bonds with very broad specificity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00289

Enzyme regulation

The formation of the proteasomal ATPase ARC-20S proteasome complex, likely via the docking of the C-termini of ARC into the intersubunit pockets in the alpha-rings, may trigger opening of the gate for substrate entry. Interconversion between the open-gate and close-gate conformations leads to a dynamic regulation of the 20S proteasome proteolysis activity By similarity. HAMAP-Rule MF_00289

Pathway

Protein degradation; proteasomal Pup-dependent pathway. HAMAP-Rule MF_00289

Subunit structure

The 20S proteasome core is composed of 14 alpha and 14 beta subunits that assemble into four stacked heptameric rings, resulting in a barrel-shaped structure. The two inner rings, each composed of seven catalytic beta subunits, are sandwiched by two outer rings, each composed of seven alpha subunits. The catalytic chamber with the active sites is on the inside of the barrel. Has a gated structure, the ends of the cylinder being occluded by the N-termini of the alpha-subunits. Is capped by the proteasome-associated ATPase, ARC By similarity.

Subcellular location

Cytoplasm By similarity HAMAP-Rule MF_00289.

Sequence similarities

Belongs to the peptidase T1A family.

Sequence caution

The sequence ABM08850.1 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Translation N-terminally shortened.

Ontologies

Sequence annotation (Features)

Feature keyPosition(s)LengthDescriptionGraphical viewFeature identifier

Molecule processing

Chain1 – 235235Proteasome subunit alpha HAMAP-Rule MF_00289
PRO_0000397133

Sequences

Sequence LengthMass (Da)Tools
A1R6Q8 [UniParc].

Last modified August 10, 2010. Version 2.
Checksum: 57E6CAB5C85A1CEA

FASTA23525,787
        10         20         30         40         50         60 
MTQQFYVSPE QLMKDRADFA RKGIARGRSV VVISCADGIA LIAENPSPSL HKIGEIYDKI 

        70         80         90        100        110        120 
AFAAVGKYNE FESLRQAGVR YADVRGYSYD REDVTARGLA SVYAQSLGAV FTAEQKPFEV 

       130        140        150        160        170        180 
ELAVAEVGVT QEQDHLYRLT FDGSIADENG FVVMGGLADQ ISDVVNGAWE PELNLAGAMQ 

       190        200        210        220        230 
LALRALATNK EVEELPAAAV EAAVLYRDSE SNRGSRRAFR RLLPEDMTRL LTEES 

« Hide

References

[1]"Secrets of soil survival revealed by the genome sequence of Arthrobacter aurescens TC1."
Mongodin E.F., Shapir N., Daugherty S.C., DeBoy R.T., Emerson J.B., Shvartzbeyn A., Radune D., Vamathevan J., Riggs F., Grinberg V., Khouri H.M., Wackett L.P., Nelson K.E., Sadowsky M.J.
PLoS Genet. 2:2094-2106(2006) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA].
Strain: TC1.

Cross-references

Sequence databases

EMBL
GenBank
DDBJ
CP000474 Genomic DNA. Translation: ABM08850.1. Different initiation.
RefSeqYP_947920.1. NC_008711.1.

3D structure databases

ModBaseSearch...
MobiDBSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING290340.AAur_2178.

Protocols and materials databases

StructuralBiologyKnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaABM08850; ABM08850; AAur_2178.
GeneID4639486.
KEGGaau:AAur_2178.
PATRIC20979770. VBIArtAur67810_2209.

Organism-specific databases

CMRSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGCOG0638.
HOGENOMHOG000245319.
KOK03432.
OrthoDBEOG6NKQZG.

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCycAAUR290340:GI59-2178-MONOMER.
UniPathwayUPA00997.

Family and domain databases

Gene3D3.60.20.10. 1 hit.
HAMAPMF_00289_B. Proteasome_A_B.
InterProIPR029055. Ntn_hydrolases_N.
IPR022296. Proteasome_asu_bac.
IPR023332. Proteasome_suA-type.
IPR001353. Proteasome_sua/b.
[Graphical view]
PfamPF00227. Proteasome. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
SUPFAMSSF56235. SSF56235. 1 hit.
TIGRFAMsTIGR03691. 20S_bact_alpha. 1 hit.
PROSITEPS51475. PROTEASOME_ALPHA_2. 1 hit.
[Graphical view]
ProtoNetSearch...

Entry information

Entry namePSA_ARTAT
AccessionPrimary (citable) accession number: A1R6Q8
Entry history
Integrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 10, 2010
Last sequence update: August 10, 2010
Last modified: June 11, 2014
This is version 54 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. [Complete history]
Entry statusReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

Relevant documents

SIMILARITY comments

Index of protein domains and families

Peptidase families

Classification of peptidase families and list of entries

PATHWAY comments

Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways