Proteomes - Actinoplanes missouriensis (strain ATCC 14538 / DSM 43046 / CBS 188.64 / JCM 3121 / NCIMB 12654 / NBRC 102363 / 431)
|Proteome name||Actinoplanes missouriensis - Reference proteome|
|Strain||ATCC 14538 / DSM 43046 / CBS 188.64 / JCM 3121 / NCIMB 12654 / NBRC 102363 / 431|
|Taxonomy||512565 - Actinoplanes missouriensis (strain ATCC 14538 / DSM 43046 / CBS 188.64 / JCM 3121 / NCIMB 12654 / NBRC 102363 / 431)|
|Last modified||October 9, 2016|
Filamentous actinomycetes other than streptomycetes are often called rare actinomycetes. These comprise approximately 100 genera including Actinoplanes, Amycolatopsis, and Micromonospora. They are known as producers of many useful antiinfective agents, such as rifamycin, vancomycin, and gentamicin. Therefore, rare actinomycetes have received increasing attention as potential producers of bioactive compounds. A. missouriensis, which is known for forming sporangia containing motile spores, produces several antibiotics. A. missouriensis ATCC 23342 produces actaplanin, a glycopeptide antibiotic and A. missouriensis A-5987 produces 5-azacytidine, a cytosine analogue used as an epigenetic modifier. Actinoplanes missouriensis (strain ATCC 14538 / DSM 43046 / CBS 188.64 / JCM 3121 / NCIMB 12654 / NBRC 102363 / 431) is an aerobic, soil-inhabiting, filamentous Gram-positive bacterium that characteristically produces spores within a terminal sporangium. Spores are released from sporangia upon contact with water; the process is termed dehiscence. Actinoplanes spores grow into mycelia and eventually form sporangia under adverse conditions. A. missouriensis spores swim with a tuft of flagella. Flagella of newborn spores are wrapped with a membranous sheath. When the sheath is unwrapped, spores start swimming. Flagellar length is kept short, at around 1.9 um, which covers half the circumference of the spore. A. missouriensis produces xylose isomerase and glucose isomerase which are of use in the production of high fructose corn syrup. (Adapted from PMID: 21264995 & 21296949).