Proteomes - Acetobacterium woodii (strain ATCC 29683 / DSM 1030 / JCM 2381 / KCTC 1655 / WB1)
|Proteome name||Acetobacterium woodii (strain ATCC 29683 / DSM 1030 / JCM 2381 / KCTC 1655 / WB1) - Reference proteome|
|Strain||ATCC 29683 / DSM 1030 / JCM 2381 / KCTC 1655 / WB1|
|Taxonomy||931626 - Acetobacterium woodii (strain ATCC 29683 / DSM 1030 / JCM 2381 / KCTC 1655 / WB1)|
|Last modified||October 9, 2016|
The term homoacetogen has been applied to those strictly anaerobic bacteria that produce acetate during fermentation and are able to use bicarbonate as an external electron acceptor. Almost all of them are able to convert 1 mol of hexose to about 3 mol of acetate. In addition to fermenting sugars and growing on one carbon compounds, members of the genus Acetobacterium may also grow on methoxylated, thereby forming the corresponding hydroxy derivatives. Again, the only other fermentation product is acetate. Acetobacterium woodii (strain ATCC 29683 / DSM 1030 / JCM 2381 / KCTC 1655) is an anaerobic, Gram-positive bacterium isolated from Black sediment of Oyster Pond inlet, Woods Hole, MA, USA. The cells are oval-shaped, short rods which are actively motile by means of one or two subterminal flagella. A. woodii produces acetate and is strictly dependent on high bicarbonate concentrations. It can also grow by the anaerobic oxidation of hydrogen and reduction of carbon to yield acetic acid by homoacetic fermentation, and it can form ethanol as a fermentation product in addition to acetate when the phosphate concentration of the medium is between 0.2 and 8.4 mM. Organic substrates which are fermented in a mineral medium include fructose, glucose, lactate, glycerate, and formate. Pantothenate is required as a growth factor. (Adapted from : 16347978).