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Proteome nameMacaca mulatta 17573 - Reference proteome
Proteome IDiUP000006718
Taxonomy9544 - Macaca mulatta
Last modifiedDecember 1, 2017
Genome assemblyi GCA_000002255.2 from Ensembl
Genome annotationi Ensembl

Macaques, genus Macaca are Old World monkeys divided into 22 species. The Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) is widely distributed across Asia and inhabits grasslands, forests, mountains and with greater frequency human urban areas. Adult males average 53cm in height and weigh 8kg; females are smaller and lighter in weight, their body hair is brown or grey but it does not cover the face. Rhesus macaques are very adaptable and are able to live in trees or on the ground. Their diet is mostly herbivorous: fruit, seeds, roots, buds and bark, but with the addition of small insects. They have a strong social group structure with a rich range of vocalizations and gestures for communication.

The current Ensembl genome uses the preliminary assembly Mmul_1 which is melded from the three separate complementary assemblies; as such, it is subject to errors. The genome contains 3.1Gb with 21,905 protein-coding genes and 44,725 predicted transcripts.


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Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Chromosome 14321
Chromosome 22667
Chromosome 32586
Chromosome 42300
Chromosome 51749
Chromosome 62050
Chromosome 73059
Chromosome 81543
Chromosome 91725
Chromosome 102169
Chromosome 112521
Chromosome 121585
Chromosome 131477
Chromosome 142685
Chromosome 151645
Chromosome 162568
Chromosome 17731
Chromosome 18627
Chromosome 192917
Chromosome 201779
Chromosome X1703


  1. "Evolutionary and biomedical insights from the rhesus macaque genome."
    Gibbs R.A., Rogers J., Katze M.G., Bumgarner R., Weinstock G.M., Mardis E.R., Remington K.A., Strausberg R.L., Venter J.C., Wilson R.K., Batzer M.A., Bustamante C.D., Eichler E.E., Hahn M.W., Hardison R.C., Makova K.D., Miller W., Milosavljevic A.
    , Palermo R.E., Siepel A., Sikela J.M., Attaway T., Bell S., Bernard K.E., Buhay C.J., Chandrabose M.N., Dao M., Davis C., Delehaunty K.D., Ding Y., Dinh H.H., Dugan-Rocha S., Fulton L.A., Gabisi R.A., Garner T.T., Godfrey J., Hawes A.C., Hernandez J., Hines S., Holder M., Hume J., Jhangiani S.N., Joshi V., Khan Z.M., Kirkness E.F., Cree A., Fowler R.G., Lee S., Lewis L.R., Li Z., Liu Y.-S., Moore S.M., Muzny D., Nazareth L.V., Ngo D.N., Okwuonu G.O., Pai G., Parker D., Paul H.A., Pfannkoch C., Pohl C.S., Rogers Y.-H.C., Ruiz S.J., Sabo A., Santibanez J., Schneider B.W., Smith S.M., Sodergren E., Svatek A.F., Utterback T.R., Vattathil S., Warren W., White C.S., Chinwalla A.T., Feng Y., Halpern A.L., Hillier L.W., Huang X., Minx P., Nelson J.O., Pepin K.H., Qin X., Sutton G.G., Venter E., Walenz B.P., Wallis J.W., Worley K.C., Yang S.-P., Jones S.M., Marra M.A., Rocchi M., Schein J.E., Baertsch R., Clarke L., Csuros M., Glasscock J., Harris R.A., Havlak P., Jackson A.R., Jiang H., Liu Y., Messina D.N., Shen Y., Song H.X.-Z., Wylie T., Zhang L., Birney E., Han K., Konkel M.K., Lee J., Smit A.F.A., Ullmer B., Wang H., Xing J., Burhans R., Cheng Z., Karro J.E., Ma J., Raney B., She X., Cox M.J., Demuth J.P., Dumas L.J., Han S.-G., Hopkins J., Karimpour-Fard A., Kim Y.H., Pollack J.R., Vinar T., Addo-Quaye C., Degenhardt J., Denby A., Hubisz M.J., Indap A., Kosiol C., Lahn B.T., Lawson H.A., Marklein A., Nielsen R., Vallender E.J., Clark A.G., Ferguson B., Hernandez R.D., Hirani K., Kehrer-Sawatzki H., Kolb J., Patil S., Pu L.-L., Ren Y., Smith D.G., Wheeler D.A., Schenck I., Ball E.V., Chen R., Cooper D.N., Giardine B., Hsu F., Kent W.J., Lesk A., Nelson D.L., O'brien W.E., Pruefer K., Stenson P.D., Wallace J.C., Ke H., Liu X.-M., Wang P., Xiang A.P., Yang F., Barber G.P., Haussler D., Karolchik D., Kern A.D., Kuhn R.M., Smith K.E., Zwieg A.S.
    Science 2007:222-234(2007) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Molecular analyses of mtDNA deletion mutations in microdissected skeletal muscle fibers from aged rhesus monkeys."
    Gokey N.G., Cao Z., Pak J.W., Lee D., McKiernan S.H., McKenzie D., Weindruch R., Aiken J.M.
    Aging Cell 2004:319-326(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]