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Overview

Proteome nameAtta cephalotes - Reference proteome
Proteins10,634
Proteome IDiUP000005205
Taxonomy12957 - Atta cephalotes
Last modifiedFebruary 18, 2017
Genome assemblyi GCA_000143395.2 from EnsemblMetazoa
Genome annotationi EnsemblMetazoa
© calphotos.berkeley.edu

Ants (family Formicidae) are extremely successful social insects evolved from wasp-like ancestors, and are found in almost every habitat across the planet. There are over 12,000 known ant species with many more still to be identified. Ants live in colonies which can range in size from 100's to the incalculably large genetically related global mega colony of the Argentine ant.

Large female soldiers guard the nest. Two worker castes are also females known as media, who cut leaves and return them to nest and minima, who chop up the leaves and feed them to the fungus. The sole responsibility of the winged males is to inseminate the queen. The complex social interplay between all the colony members is sometimes described as a superorganism.

The genome for the leaf-cutter ant Atta cephalotes was published in 2011 and reveals insights into its obligate symbiotic lifestyle. Leafcutter ants are dependent on the cultivated fungus for nutrients and genome analysis has confirmed that there is a reduction in genes related to nutrient acquisition. The estimated size of the genome is 300Mb.

Componentsi

DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Unassembled WGS sequence10634
Mitochondrion0