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StatusReference proteome
Proteome IDiUP000005203
Taxonomy7460 - Apis mellifera
Last modifiedApril 2, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000002195.1 from EnsemblMetazoa

The western honey bee (Apis mellifera) is essential to global ecology as a pollinator. It is native to Europe, western Asia, and Africa. Honey bee colonies having distinct social organization, with queens that produce offspring (by haplodiploidy, a sex determination system) and non-reproductive workers which gather and process food. One of the most evolved social behaviors that they show is their communication of new food discoveries with 'dance language', the only known non-primate symbolic language. This makes the honey bee a model organism for studying social behaviour. The genus Apis means "bee" in Latin, and mellifera comes from the Greek melli- "honey" and ferei "to bear".

The Apis mellifera complete genome sequence was published in 2006, by the Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium. It contains 236 Mb, and approximately 10,600 protein-coding genes. The honey bee genome is characterized by a high A+T content, the absence of transposons, and a slow rate of evolution.


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Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Linkage group 6909
Linkage group 15757
Linkage group 7640
Linkage group 4765
Linkage group 14688
Linkage group 11829
Linkage group 9697
Linkage group 2882
Linkage group 3778
Linkage group 12565
Linkage group 8968
Linkage group 5964
Linkage group 13489
Linkage group 111049
Linkage group 16422
Linkage group 10858
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