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Overview

Proteome namePan troglodytes - Reference proteome
Proteins20,138
Proteome IDiUP000002277
Taxonomy9598 - Pan troglodytes
Last modifiedMay 16, 2017
Genome assemblyi GCA_000001515.5 from Ensembl
Genome annotationi Ensembl
© bioweb.uwlax.edu

The genus Pan is divided into two species Pan troglodytes and Pan paniscus or Bonobo. Pan troglodytes or the common chimpanzee is a great ape and is evolutionarily the closest living species to humans, with around 30% of all proteins identical to us. Four subspecies of common chimpanzee have been identified and are spread across west and central Africa. Chimpanzees weigh between 40-70kg with an average standing height of 1.3 to 1.6m. They have dense black hair covering their bodies except the face, fingers, toes, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They usually walk on all four limbs and use their knuckles rather than the palms of their hands, but can walk short distances upright. The thumbs and big toes are opposable providing grip for climbing and tool use. They are very adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats and are mostly herbivorous but eat insects, small mammals and occasionally other primates. They are highly intelligent and have a complex language and a hierarchical and territorial system which, when threatened, can result in intense aggressive behavior.

The current assembly covers about 97 percent of the Pan troglodytes genome and contains 3.0Gb with 18,759 protein-coding genes and 29,160 currently predicted transcripts. This low number is a result of alignment errors between human and chimp genomes resulting in loss of transfer of a number of exons.

Componentsi

DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 11960
Chromosome 2A595
Chromosome 2B604
Chromosome 31032
Chromosome 4767
Chromosome 5872
Chromosome 61005
Chromosome 7923
Chromosome 8666
Chromosome 9760
Chromosome 10715
Chromosome 111144
Chromosome 121054
Chromosome 13274
Chromosome 14618
Chromosome 15604
Chromosome 16808
Chromosome 171258
Chromosome 18296
Chromosome 191413
Chromosome 20537
Chromosome 22405
Chromosome X666
Chromosome Y86
Mitochondrion14
Unplaced
875
Chromosome 21214

Publications

  1. "Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome."
    Nature 2005:69-87(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Recent African origin of modern humans revealed by complete sequences of hominoid mitochondrial DNAs."
    Horai S., Hayasaka K., Kondo R., Tsugane K., Takahata N.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1995:532-536(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "The DNA sequence of the chimpanzee Y chromosome."
    Hughes J.F., Pyntikova T., Skaletsky H., Minx P.J., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Submitted (JUL-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
  4. "Conservation of Y-linked genes during human evolution revealed by comparative sequencing in chimpanzee."
    Hughes J.F., Skaletsky H., Pyntikova T., Minx P.J., Graves T., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Nature 2005:100-103(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]