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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteins48,771
Proteome IDiUP000002277
Taxonomy9598 - Pan troglodytes
Last modifiedFebruary 5, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000001515.5 from Ensembl
© bioweb.uwlax.edu

The genus Pan is divided into two species Pan troglodytes and Pan paniscus or Bonobo. Pan troglodytes or the common chimpanzee is a great ape and is evolutionarily the closest living species to humans, with around 30% of all proteins identical to us. Four subspecies of common chimpanzee have been identified and are spread across west and central Africa. Chimpanzees weigh between 40-70kg with an average standing height of 1.3 to 1.6m. They have dense black hair covering their bodies except the face, fingers, toes, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They usually walk on all four limbs and use their knuckles rather than the palms of their hands, but can walk short distances upright. The thumbs and big toes are opposable providing grip for climbing and tool use. They are very adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats and are mostly herbivorous but eat insects, small mammals and occasionally other primates. They are highly intelligent and have a complex language and a hierarchical and territorial system which, when threatened, can result in intense aggressive behavior.

The current assembly covers about 97 percent of the Pan troglodytes genome and contains 3.0Gb with 18,759 protein-coding genes and 29,160 currently predicted transcripts. This low number is a result of alignment errors between human and chimp genomes resulting in loss of transfer of a number of exons.

Componentsi

DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 14530
Chromosome 2A1559
Chromosome 2B1756
Chromosome 32789
Chromosome 41874
Chromosome 52114
Chromosome 62442
Chromosome 72191
Chromosome 81629
Chromosome 91830
Chromosome 101864
Chromosome 112899
Chromosome 122559
Chromosome 13801
Chromosome 141577
Chromosome 151531
Chromosome 161837
Chromosome 172620
Chromosome 18766
Chromosome 193007
Chromosome 201230
Chromosome 221051
Chromosome X1758
Chromosome Y124
Mitochondrion14
Unplaced
1961
Chromosome 21460

Publications

  1. "Recent African origin of modern humans revealed by complete sequences of hominoid mitochondrial DNAs."
    Horai S., Hayasaka K., Kondo R., Tsugane K., Takahata N.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1995:532-536(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome."
    Nature 2005:69-87(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "Conservation of Y-linked genes during human evolution revealed by comparative sequencing in chimpanzee."
    Hughes J.F., Skaletsky H., Pyntikova T., Minx P.J., Graves T., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Nature 2005:100-103(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  4. "The DNA sequence of the chimpanzee Y chromosome."
    Hughes J.F., Pyntikova T., Skaletsky H., Minx P.J., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Submitted (JUL-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases