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Overview

StatusReference proteome
Proteins48,771
Proteome IDiUP000002277
Taxonomy9598 - Pan troglodytes
Last modifiedApril 5, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000001515.5 from Ensembl
© bioweb.uwlax.edu

The genus Pan is divided into two species Pan troglodytes and Pan paniscus or Bonobo. Pan troglodytes or the common chimpanzee is a great ape and is evolutionarily the closest living species to humans, with around 30% of all proteins identical to us. Four subspecies of common chimpanzee have been identified and are spread across west and central Africa. Chimpanzees weigh between 40-70kg with an average standing height of 1.3 to 1.6m. They have dense black hair covering their bodies except the face, fingers, toes, palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They usually walk on all four limbs and use their knuckles rather than the palms of their hands, but can walk short distances upright. The thumbs and big toes are opposable providing grip for climbing and tool use. They are very adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats and are mostly herbivorous but eat insects, small mammals and occasionally other primates. They are highly intelligent and have a complex language and a hierarchical and territorial system which, when threatened, can result in intense aggressive behavior.

The current assembly covers about 97 percent of the Pan troglodytes genome and contains 3.0Gb with 18,759 protein-coding genes and 29,160 currently predicted transcripts. This low number is a result of alignment errors between human and chimp genomes resulting in loss of transfer of a number of exons.

Componentsi

DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 14534
Chromosome 2A1559
Chromosome 2B1757
Chromosome 32789
Chromosome 41875
Chromosome 52114
Chromosome 62441
Chromosome 72186
Chromosome 81629
Chromosome 91830
Chromosome 101864
Chromosome 112900
Chromosome 122558
Chromosome 13800
Chromosome 141577
Chromosome 151531
Chromosome 161839
Chromosome 172622
Chromosome 18768
Chromosome 193011
Chromosome 201231
Chromosome 221051
Chromosome X1757
Chromosome Y124
Mitochondrion14
Unplaced
1959
Chromosome 21459

Publications

  1. "Conservation of Y-linked genes during human evolution revealed by comparative sequencing in chimpanzee."
    Hughes J.F., Skaletsky H., Pyntikova T., Minx P.J., Graves T., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Nature 2005:100-103(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "The DNA sequence of the chimpanzee Y chromosome."
    Hughes J.F., Pyntikova T., Skaletsky H., Minx P.J., Rozen S., Wilson R.K., Page D.C.
    Submitted (JUL-2004) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
  3. "Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome."
    Nature 2005:69-87(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  4. "Recent African origin of modern humans revealed by complete sequences of hominoid mitochondrial DNAs."
    Horai S., Hayasaka K., Kondo R., Tsugane K., Takahata N.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1995:532-536(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]

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