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Overview

Proteome namePongo abelii ISIS 71 - Reference proteome
Proteins22,883
Proteome IDiUP000001595
Taxonomy9601 - Pongo abelii
Last modifiedOctober 1, 2017
Genome assemblyi GCA_000001545.3 from Ensembl
Genome annotationi Ensembl
© upload.wikimedia.org

The orangutan is one of two species of Asian ape, the other being the gibbon. Orangutans are found only in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra. The two groups have been given separate species status diverging around 400,000 years ago and are named Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abelii, respectively. The Bornean orangutan (P. pygmaeus) has been further classified into three subspecies. Adult males can reach a height of 1.75m and weigh over 118kg; females are considerably smaller at 1.27m and 45kg. They are covered with long reddish brown hair, which in P. abelii (Sumatran) is lighter in color and more sparse. Orangutans have long hooked fingers and toes, consistent with them being mostly tree dwellers. Their diet is largely fruit with other parts of plants, small insects and bird eggs. Orangutans are very intelligent, making use of tools and making nests but they are much more solitary than other great apes. Their estimated lifespan is over 50 years.

The current assembly in Ensembl contains 3.1Gb with 20,424 protein-coding genes and 29,447 predicted transcripts.

Componentsi

DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 12135
Chromosome 2a720
Chromosome 2b668
Chromosome 31129
Chromosome 4801
Chromosome 5895
Chromosome 61125
Chromosome 71034
Chromosome 8739
Chromosome 9852
Chromosome 10830
Chromosome 111275
Chromosome 121071
Chromosome 13370
Chromosome 14726
Chromosome 15639
Chromosome 16860
Chromosome 171261
Chromosome 18297
Chromosome 191386
Chromosome 20602
Chromosome 21265
Chromosome 22497
Chromosome X886
Unplaced
1822
Mitochondrion13

Publications

  1. "A 6x draft sequence assembly of the Pongo pygmaeus abelii genome."
    Wilson R.K., Mardis E.
    Submitted (FEB-2008) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases
  2. "The mitochondrial DNA molecule of Sumatran orangutan and a molecular proposal for two (Bornean and Sumatran) species of orangutan."
    Xu X., Arnason U.
    J. Mol. Evol. 1996:431-437(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]