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Overview

Proteome nameGorilla gorilla gorilla - Reference proteome
Proteins27,295
Proteome IDiUP000001519
Taxonomy9595 - Gorilla gorilla gorilla
Last modifiedAugust 23, 2017
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000151905.3 from Ensembl
© www.biolib.cz

Gorillas are physically the largest of the living great apes and have recently been divided into two species: western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) and eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) as represented by their separate geographical locations in Africa. These species have currently been split into 4 subspecies. Adult male gorillas weigh 135-180kg and average 1.8m tall with an arm span up to 2.6m; females are smaller and often half this weight. They have thick hair covering most of their body; the color varies according to species/subspecies. Like chimpanzees, they are knuckle-walkers but can walk on two legs whilst carrying food or to defend themselves. Gorillas live in a range of habitats from montane (mountain gorillas) to lowland forests (lowland gorillas). Their diet is largely foliage, fruit and sometimes insects. Social groups are led by an adult male or silverback and multiple females and their offspring. They are highly intelligent with the capacity for emotion and building strong family bonds. Average lifespan is 35-40 years, but 55 years has been recorded in captivity.

About 60% of human genes are projected onto the gorilla genome in the current build from Ensembl. Small frame-shifts are adjusted for, larger ones are more problematic. The gorilla genome has 2,8Gb with 20,962 protein-coding genes and 35,727 predicted transcripts.

Componentsi

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Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome 61376
Chromosome 41098
Chromosome 52053
Chromosome 2b856
Chromosome 31414
Chromosome 22627
Chromosome 2a831
Chromosome 12636
Chromosome 101061
Chromosome 121426
Chromosome 111723
Chromosome 14868
Chromosome 13448
Chromosome 161228
Chromosome 15912
Chromosome 18410
Chromosome 17786
Chromosome 191931
Chromosome 20716
Chromosome 21288
Chromosome 71256
Chromosome X1087
Chromosome 91045
Chromosome 8988
Unplaced
206
Mitochondrion25
Chromosome, chrMT0