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Overview

Proteome nameEscherichia coli 55989
Proteins4,797
Proteome IDiUP000000746
Strain55989 / EAEC
Taxonomy585055 - Escherichia coli (strain 55989 / EAEC)
Last modifiedSeptember 9, 2017
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000026245.1 from ENA/EMBL
Pan proteomei This proteome is part of the Escherichia coli MG1655 pan proteome (fasta)

Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative straight rod, which either uses peritrichous flagella for mobility or is nonmotile. It is a facultatively anaerobic chemoorganotroph capable of both respiratory and fermentative metabolism. E.coli serves a useful function in the body by suppressing the growth of harmful bacterial species and by synthesizing appreciable amounts of vitamins. It is an important component of the biosphere. It colonizes the lower gut of animals and survives when released to the natural environment, allowing widespread dissemination to new hosts. Pathogenic E.coli strains are responsible for infection of the enteric, urinary, pulmonary and nervous systems. Comparison of 20 E.coli/Shigella strains shows the core genome to be about 2000 genes while the pan-genome has over 18,000 genes. There are multiple, striking integration hotspots that are conserved across the genomes, corresponding to regions of abundant and parallel insertions and deletions of genetic material.

Strain 55989 is an enteroaggregative strain (EAEC) originally isolated from the diarrheagenic stools of an HIV-positive adult suffering from persistent watery diarrhea in the Central African Republic in 2002. It belongs to phylogenetic group B1. EAEC strains form aggregates as their name suggests, and are an emerging cause of gastroenteritis.

Componentsi

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Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome4702
Plasmid 55989p103