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Overview

Proteome nameKluyveromyces lactis NRRL Y-1140 - Reference proteome
Proteins5,071
Proteome IDiUP000000598
StrainATCC 8585 / CBS 2359 / DSM 70799 / NBRC 1267 / NRRL Y-1140 / WM37
Taxonomy284590 - Kluyveromyces lactis (strain ATCC 8585 / CBS 2359 / DSM 70799 / NBRC 1267 / NRRL Y-1140 / WM37)
Last modifiedFebruary 6, 2017
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000002515.1 from ENA/EMBL
Pan proteomei This proteome is part of the Kluyveromyces lactis NRRL Y-1140 pan proteome (fasta)

Kluyveromyces lactis is a yeast species commonly used for genetic studies and industrial applications. Kluyveromyces lactis (formerly Saccharomyces lactis) is a yeast which has the ability to assimilate lactose and convert it into lactic acid. Kluyveromyces lactis and other organisms ie, Aspergillus niger var awamori and Escherichia coli K12 are grown in fermenters to produce chymosin (rennet) on a commercial scale; this rennet, which replaces the conventional form obtained from slaughtered animals, is now widely used in cheese production. Yeasts and fungi are ideal organisms for comparative genomic studies in eukaryotes because of their small and compact genomes and because they include a number of species such as Neurospora crassa, S. cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, that have been, and continue to be, used extensively in genetic studies. However, the divergence between these three species is ancient (estimated to be at least 300 million years old) and the organization of their genomes is quite different. The diversity of the hemiascomycetes, a group of ascomycetes that contains most of the known yeast species was first explored in 2000. Complete sequencing and comparison of four hemiascomycetous yeasts has been undertaken these are Candida glabrata, Kluyveromyces lactis, Debaryomyces hansenii, and Yarrowia lipolytica. They were selected on the basis of their phylogenetic positions and their specific interest as human pathogens, or as industrially or environmentally important yeasts. This work, which represents the first multispecies exploration of genome evolution across an entire eukaryotic phylum, reveals the variety of events and mechanisms that have taken place, and should allow useful comparisons with other phyla of multicellular organisms when more genome sequences are determined. K. lactis is a heterothallic species with a predominantly haplontic cycle, in contrast to S. cerevisiae in which the predominantly diplobiontic cycle is pseudo-heterothallic due to mating-type switching.

Componentsi

DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Proteins
Chromosome A502
Chromosome B622
Chromosome C840
Chromosome D822
Chromosome E1088
Chromosome F1199
Mitochondrion9
Plasmid pGKL14
Plasmid pGKL210

Publications

  1. "Genome evolution in yeasts."
    Dujon B., Sherman D., Fischer G., Durrens P., Casaregola S., Lafontaine I., de Montigny J., Marck C., Neuveglise C., Talla E., Goffard N., Frangeul L., Aigle M., Anthouard V., Babour A., Barbe V., Barnay S., Blanchin S.
    , Beckerich J.-M., Beyne E., Bleykasten C., Boisrame A., Boyer J., Cattolico L., Confanioleri F., de Daruvar A., Despons L., Fabre E., Fairhead C., Ferry-Dumazet H., Groppi A., Hantraye F., Hennequin C., Jauniaux N., Joyet P., Kachouri R., Kerrest A., Koszul R., Lemaire M., Lesur I., Ma L., Muller H., Nicaud J.-M., Nikolski M., Oztas S., Ozier-Kalogeropoulos O., Pellenz S., Potier S., Richard G.-F., Straub M.-L., Suleau A., Swennen D., Tekaia F., Wesolowski-Louvel M., Westhof E., Wirth B., Zeniou-Meyer M., Zivanovic Y., Bolotin-Fukuhara M., Thierry A., Bouchier C., Caudron B., Scarpelli C., Gaillardin C., Weissenbach J., Wincker P., Souciet J.-L.
    Nature 2004:35-44(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Complete nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial DNA from Kluyveromyces lactis."
    Zivanovic Y., Wincker P., Vacherie B., Bolotin-Fukuhara M., Fukuhara H.
    FEMS Yeast Res. 2005:315-322(2005) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  3. "Nucleotide sequence and transcription analysis of a linear DNA plasmid associated with the killer character of the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis."
    Stark M.J.R., Mileham A.J., Romanos M.A., Boyd A.
    Nucleic Acids Res. 1984:6011-6030(1984) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  4. "Genome organization of the killer plasmid pGKL2 from Kluyveromyces lactis."
    Tommasino M., Ricci S., Galeotti C.L.
    Nucleic Acids Res. 1988:5863-5878(1988) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]