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StatusReference proteome
Proteome IDiUP000000539
Taxonomy9031 - Gallus gallus
StrainRed jungle fowl
Last modifiedMarch 13, 2018
Genome assembly and annotationi GCA_000002315.3 from Ensembl

The red jungle fowl is a herbivorous and insectivorous member of the Phasianidae family. It is the closest wild ancestor of the domesticated chicken, its subspecies. After domestication had taken place 6,000-8,000 years ago in Asia, this species spread all over the world. The chicken is an important agricultural animal and a source of meat and eggs. In biomedical research it serves as a model organism to study various aspects of virology, oncogenesis, immunology, and especially embryogenesis. Since it provides an evolutionary link between mammals and other groups of vertebrates, sequencing its genome is of a significant importance.

The chicken genome has 39 chromosomes containing 1.1 Gb with 20,000-23,000 protein-coding genes. The reference proteome is derived from the genome sequence published in 2004.


DownloadView all proteins
Component nameGenome Accession(s)
Chromosome 13337
Chromosome 22208
Chromosome 31952
Chromosome 41802
Chromosome 51504
Chromosome 6866
Chromosome 7878
Chromosome 8925
Chromosome 9734
Chromosome 10699
Chromosome 11615
Chromosome 12598
Chromosome 13611
Chromosome 14689
Chromosome 15618
Chromosome 16145
Chromosome 17480
Chromosome 18567
Chromosome 19561
Chromosome 20589
Chromosome 21423
Chromosome 22199
Chromosome 23377
Chromosome 24329
Chromosome 25350
Chromosome 26402
Chromosome 27467
Chromosome 28482
Chromosome 3215
Chromosome W38
Chromosome Z1283
Miscellaneous, Linkage group LGE22C19W28_E50C230
Miscellaneous, Linkage group LGE640
Chromosome 316
Chromosome 308


  1. "Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution."
    Hillier L.W., Miller W., Birney E., Warren W., Hardison R.C., Ponting C.P., Bork P., Burt D.W., Groenen M.A.M., Delany M.E., Dodgson J.B., Chinwalla A.T., Cliften P.F., Clifton S.W., Delehaunty K.D., Fronick C., Fulton R.S., Graves T.A.
    , Kremitzki C., Layman D., Magrini V., McPherson J.D., Miner T.L., Minx P., Nash W.E., Nhan M.N., Nelson J.O., Oddy L.G., Pohl C.S., Randall-Maher J., Smith S.M., Wallis J.W., Yang S.-P., Romanov M.N., Rondelli C.M., Paton B., Smith J., Morrice D., Daniels L., Tempest H.G., Robertson L., Masabanda J.S., Griffin D.K., Vignal A., Fillon V., Jacobbson L., Kerje S., Andersson L., Crooijmans R.P., Aerts J., van der Poel J.J., Ellegren H., Caldwell R.B., Hubbard S.J., Grafham D.V., Kierzek A.M., McLaren S.R., Overton I.M., Arakawa H., Beattie K.J., Bezzubov Y., Boardman P.E., Bonfield J.K., Croning M.D.R., Davies R.M., Francis M.D., Humphray S.J., Scott C.E., Taylor R.G., Tickle C., Brown W.R.A., Rogers J., Buerstedde J.-M., Wilson S.A., Stubbs L., Ovcharenko I., Gordon L., Lucas S., Miller M.M., Inoko H., Shiina T., Kaufman J., Salomonsen J., Skjoedt K., Wong G.K.-S., Wang J., Liu B., Wang J., Yu J., Yang H., Nefedov M., Koriabine M., Dejong P.J., Goodstadt L., Webber C., Dickens N.J., Letunic I., Suyama M., Torrents D., von Mering C., Zdobnov E.M., Makova K., Nekrutenko A., Elnitski L., Eswara P., King D.C., Yang S.-P., Tyekucheva S., Radakrishnan A., Harris R.S., Chiaromonte F., Taylor J., He J., Rijnkels M., Griffiths-Jones S., Ureta-Vidal A., Hoffman M.M., Severin J., Searle S.M.J., Law A.S., Speed D., Waddington D., Cheng Z., Tuzun E., Eichler E., Bao Z., Flicek P., Shteynberg D.D., Brent M.R., Bye J.M., Huckle E.J., Chatterji S., Dewey C., Pachter L., Kouranov A., Mourelatos Z., Hatzigeorgiou A.G., Paterson A.H., Ivarie R., Brandstrom M., Axelsson E., Backstrom N., Berlin S., Webster M.T., Pourquie O., Reymond A., Ucla C., Antonarakis S.E., Long M., Emerson J.J., Betran E., Dupanloup I., Kaessmann H., Hinrichs A.S., Bejerano G., Furey T.S., Harte R.A., Raney B., Siepel A., Kent W.J., Haussler D., Eyras E., Castelo R., Abril J.F., Castellano S., Camara F., Parra G., Guigo R., Bourque G., Tesler G., Pevzner P.A., Smit A., Fulton L.A., Mardis E.R., Wilson R.K.
    Nature 2004:695-716(2004) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
  2. "Sequence and gene organization of the chicken mitochondrial genome. A novel gene order in higher vertebrates."
    Desjardins P., Morais R.
    J. Mol. Biol. 1990:599-634(1990) [PubMed] [Europe PMC] [Abstract]
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