Involvement in disease
Last modified September 9, 2013
This subsection of the ‘General annotation (Comments)’ section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the OMIM database are represented with a controlled vocabulary in the following way:
Disease name (Disease abbreviation) [Link to OMIM]: Disease description.
An optional “Note=” field is used to describe the role of the gene/protein in disease pathogenesis and distinguish, when possible, between causative, susceptibility and modifier genes according to literature and OMIM reports.
The “Note=” field is also used to indicate the role of a protein in disease manifestation in cases where the protein is functionally impaired although the corresponding coding gene does not contain any mutation.
The accession numbers of OMIM entries that describe a phenotype (or a gene and phenotype) are shown in this subsection, as well as in the ‘Organism-Specific Databases’ subsection of the ‘Cross-references’ section, which also provides links to OMIM entries that describe the gene itself.
Chromosomal rearrangements (translocations, inversions) are also described in this subsection.
If the sequence position of the translocation breakpoint is known and causes a fusion protein, it is annotated in the ‘Site’ subsection of the ‘Sequence annotation (Features)’ section.
Related keyword: Chromosomal rearrangement.
Disease information that is not described in OMIM is annotated as free text.