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Keyword Thiamine biosynthesis

Definition

Protein involved in the synthesis of thiamine, a water-soluble vitamin member of the vitamin B complex. It occurs in cells largely as its active coenzyme form thiamine pyrophosphate, formerly called cocarboxylase. Thiamine is necessary in the diet of most vertebrates and some microorganisms. Its deficiency causes beriberi in man and polyneuritis in birds. Thiamine pyrophosphate serves as coenzyme in aldehyde-group transfers.

Synonyms

  • Aneurin biosynthesis
  • Thiamin biosynthesis
  • Vitamin B1 biosynthesis

Category

Biological process

GOi

thiamine biosynthetic process [ GO:0009228 ]

Graphical

Thiamine biosynthesisBiological process