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Keyword - Restriction system (KW-0680)

Definition

Protein involved in the restriction system present in many bacteria and archaea. This defense mechanism is composed principally of a restriction endonuclease and a methylase. The restriction endonuclease cuts the invading DNA of viruses (or phages) at a specific recognition site. The bacterial DNA is protected by the methylase which adds a methyl group to a specific nucleotide, immediately following replication, in the same target site as the restriction enzyme.

Synonyms

  • Restriction-modification system

Category

Biological process

GOi

DNA restriction-modification system [ GO:0009307 ]

Graphical

Restriction systemBiological process