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|DNA-directed DNA polymerase|
Enzyme that catalyzes DNA synthesis by addition of deoxyribonucleotide units to a DNA chain using DNA as a template. They can also possess exonuclease activity and therefore function in DNA repair.
Category: Molecular function · UniProtKB (50,319)
|DNA-directed RNA polymerase|
Protein of the DNA-directed RNA polymerase complexes, which catalyze RNA synthesis the by addition of ribonucleotide units to a RNA chain using DNA as a template. They can initiate a chain de novo. Prokaryotes have a single enzyme for the three RNA types that is subject to stringent regulatory mechanisms. Eukaryotes have type I that synthesizes all rRNA except the 5S component, type II that synthesizes mRNA and hnRNA and type III that synthesizes tRNA and the 5S component of rRNA.
Category: Cellular component · UniProtKB (77,491)