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Definition

A form of spastic paraplegia, a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a slow, gradual, progressive weakness and spasticity of the lower limbs. Rate of progression and the severity of symptoms are quite variable. Initial symptoms may include difficulty with balance, weakness and stiffness in the legs, muscle spasms, and dragging the toes when walking. In some forms of the disorder, bladder symptoms (such as incontinence) may appear, or the weakness and stiffness may spread to other parts of the body. SPOAN is characterized by spastic paraplegia with progressive joint contractures and spine deformities, loss of independent ambulation by age 10 years, sub-normal vision secondary to congenital optic atrophy, and neuropathy. Inheritance is autosomal recessive.

Acronym

SPOAN

Keywords

Neuropathy
Hereditary spastic paraplegia