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Definition

An autosomal dominant disorder of red cell membrane permeability characterized by cold-induced changes in cell volume, resulting in cold-sensitive stomatocytosis, and increased erythrocyte osmotic fragility and autohemolysis at 4 degrees Celsius. Patients present with mild to moderate hemolytic anemia, splenomegaly, fatigue, and pseudohyperkalemia due to a potassium leak from the erythrocytes.

Acronym

CHC

Synonyms

Stomatocytosis, cold-sensitive

Keywords

Hereditary hemolytic anemia