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Definition

A form of mitral valve prolapse, a valvular hearth disease characterized by abnormally elongated and thickened mitral valve leaflets, that typically show myxomatous degeneration with increased leaflet compliance. It is associated with mitral regurgitation. Myxomatous mitral valves have an abnormal layered architecture characterized by loose collagen in fibrosa, expanded spongiosa strongly positive for proteoglycans, and disrupted elastin in atrialis. In classic mitral valve prolapse, leaflets are at least 5 mm thick, whereas in the non-classic form, they are less than 5 mm thick. Severe classic mitral valve prolapse is strongly associated with arrhythmias, endocarditis, heart failure, and need for valve surgery.

Acronym

MVP2

Synonyms

Mitral valve prolapse, myxomatous 2
MMVP2
Myxomatous mitral valve prolapse 2