Purification and IgE-binding epitopes of a major allergen in the gastropod Turbo cornutus.
The major allergen (Tur c 1) in the muscle of the gastropod, Turbo cornutus, was isolated by Sephacryl S-300, Mono Q HR 5/5 and TSKgel Phenyl-5PW RP column chromatography. ELISA showed Tur c 1 to react strongly with sera from three individuals sensitive to both mollusks and crustaceans. SDS-PAGE showed Tur c 1 to produce a major band corresponding to a molecular mass of 35 kDa under the reduced condition. Its amino acid composition was characterized by the abundance of Glx, followed by Leu, Ala and Lys in decreasing abundance, and the absence of Trp. In addition to these properties, the determined partial amino acid sequence identified Tur c 1 to be a tropomyosin, as in the case of the known mollusk and crustacean allergens. However, the results of competitive ELISA inhibition experiments suggest that Tur c 1 has an IgE-binding epitope in the C-terminal region which is dissimilar to those proposed for Cra g 1 (the oyster Crassostrea gigas allergen) and Pen i 1 (the shrimp Penaeus indicus allergen).