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The chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein 1 triggers Janus kinase 2 activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of the CCR2B receptor.

Mellado M., Rodriguez-Frade J.M., Aragay A., del Real G., Martin A.M., Vila-Coro A.J., Serrano A., Mayor F. Jr., Martinez-A C.

The chemokines are a growing family of low m.w., 70-to 80-residue proinflammatory cytokines that operate by interacting with G protein-coupled receptors. Chemokines are involved in cell migration and in the activation of specific leukocyte subsets. Using the Mono Mac 1 monocytic cell line, we show that monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) triggers activation of the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/STAT3 pathway and CCR2 receptor tyrosine phosphorylation. Both Ca2+ mobilization and cell migration are blocked in Mono Mac 1 cells by tyrphostin B42, a specific JAK2 kinase inhibitor. Within seconds of MCP-1 activation, JAK2 phosphorylates CCR2 at the Tyr139 position and promotes JAK2/STAT3 complex association to the receptor. This MCP-1-initiated phosphorylation and association to JAK2 is also observed in CCR2B-transfected HEK293 cells. In contrast, when a CCR2B Tyr139Phe mutant is expressed in HEK293 cells, it is not phosphorylated in tyrosine and triggers neither JAK2/STAT3 activation nor Ca2+ mobilization in response to MCP-1. These results implicate the tyrosine kinase pathway in early chemokine signaling, suggesting a key role for this kinase in later events.

J. Immunol. 161:805-813(1998) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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