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Interleukin-4-induced STAT6 recognizes and activates a target site in the promoter of the interleukin-4 receptor gene.

Kotanides H., Reich N.C.

This study addresses the function of STAT6 in interleukin-4-stimulated gene expression. A specific STAT6 DNA-binding target site has been identified in the promoter of the interleukin-4 receptor gene, and STAT6 is shown to be involved in mediating activation of gene expression via this site. STAT6 can mediate transcription of a heterologous reporter gene construct containing the interleukin-4 receptor STAT6 binding site. In addition, evidence is provided that demonstrates a distinct effect of STAT6 DNA binding specificity on transcriptional regulation since transcription was not stimulated from a competent but different DNA binding site. To confirm the role of STAT6 in gene activation, STAT6 mutant proteins were generated and analyzed for their ability to function in interleukin-4-induced transcription. Although the interleukin-2 gamma chain receptor subunit has been demonstrated to be a component of the interleukin-4 receptor, it is not required for specific gene activation.

J. Biol. Chem. 271:25555-25561(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]