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Primary structure, expression and developmental regulation of a Dictyostelium calcineurin A homologue.

Dammann H., Hellstern S., Husain Q., Mutzel R.

cDNA clones for the catalytic subunit of Ca2+/calmodulin(CaM)-dependent protein phosphatase (calcineurin A, protein phosphatase 2B) from Dictyostelium discoideum were isolated by functional screening of a lambda gt11 lysogen expression library with labeled Dictyostelium CaM. A complete cDNA of 2146 bp predicts a protein of 623 amino acids with homology to calcineurin A from other organisms and a similar molecular architecture. However, the Dictyostelium protein contains N-terminal and C-terminal extra domains causing a significantly higher molecular mass than found in any of its known counterparts. Recombinant Dictyostelium calcineurin A was purified from Escherichia coli cells and shown to display similar enzymatic properties as the enzyme from other sources. On Western blots specific antibodies against the protein recognized a band of approximately 80 kDa that migrated with an endogenous CaM-binding activity. Both the mRNA for calcineurin A and the protein are expressed during the growth phase. During early development the abundance of the protein is reduced and then increases to peak after 10 h of starvation, when tight aggregates have formed.

Eur. J. Biochem. 238:391-399(1996) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]