On two transposable elements from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
Two transposable elements, IS5376 and IS5377, were identified in the thermophile Bacillus stearothermophilus CU21 based upon the following criteria: (1) both were found to appear on different plasmids introduced into the same host CU21; (2) signals of homology were found between the genomic DNA of CU21 and each of them; (3) different numbers of Southern hybridization bands were found for the genomic DNA of different strains of B. stearothermophilus; and (4) characteristic inverted repeats at both ends and direct repeats of the target DNA adjacent to them were found for both IS5376 and IS5377. Two open reading frames (ORFs) were detected for IS5376 and one for IS5377. The putative coding products of the ORFs are homologous to those of known ISs from mesophiles and are considered to be transposases. The results of analyses of nucleotide sequence and the deduced amino acid sequence suggest that IS5376 is a member of the IS21 family and that IS5377 is a member of the IS4 family.