The proteolytic processing site of the precursor of lysyl oxidase.
The precise cleavage site of the N-terminal propeptide region of the precursor of lysyl oxidase has not yet been established, due to N-terminal blocking of the mature protein. Using a combination of peptide fragmentation, amino acid sequencing, time-of-flight m.s. and partial chemical unblocking procedures, it is shown that the mature form of lysyl oxidase begins at residue Asp-169 of the precursor protein (numbered according to the human sequence). The cleavage site is 28 residues to the C-terminal side of the site previously suggested on the basis of apparant molecular mass by SDS/PAGE, with the consequence that the two putative, N-linked glycosylation sites and the position of the Arg/Gln sequence polymorphism are now all in the precursor region.