Apolipoprotein A-IV polymorphism in the Hungarian population: gene frequencies, effect on lipid levels, and sequence of two new variants.
The genetic polymorphism of human apolipoprotein A-IV was investigated in Hungarian blood donors (n = 202) by isoelectric focusing (IEF) of plasma samples followed by immunoblotting. The frequency of apo A-IV alleles was f(A-IV1) = 0.95, f(A-IV2) = 0.039 and f(A-IV3) = 0.002. This frequency distribution is significantly different from other Caucasian populations (P < 0.05). The association of apo A-IV phenotypes with HDL-cholesterol concentration which was previously described for two other European populations was only of borderline significance (P = 0.08). Three previously undescribed apo A-IV variants, designated Budapest-1, Budapest-2 and Budapest-3, were detected by IEF. The mutant proteins are not associated with alterations in the lipid/lipoprotein concentrations in heterozygotes. DNA-sequencing revealed two point mutations (Arg285-->Cys and Thr347-->Ser) in exon 3 of apo A-IV-Budapest-1 and a Glu-->Lys substitution at position 24 in exon 2 of apo A-IV-Budapest-2.