Isolation and expression of a cDNA encoding the precursor for a novel member (ACADSB) of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase gene family.
The acyl-CoA dehydrogenases (ACDs) are a family of mitochondrial enzymes that oxidize straight chain or branched chain acyl-CoAs in the metabolism of fatty acids or branched chain amino acids. Deficiencies in members of this gene family are important causes of human disease. A cDNA encoding the human precursor for a novel member (gene symbol ACADSB) of the ACD gene family has been isolated and characterized. The open reading frame of 1.3 kb encodes a precursor protein of 431 amino acids, which is processed in vitro to yield a mature protein of 399 amino acids. The cDNA has significant sequence similarity to other members of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family, with the greatest homology (38%) to the short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. The cDNA was expressed in eukaryotic (COS) and prokaryotic (Escherichia coli) cells, producing a protein of the expected size, with activity toward the short branched chain acyl-CoA derivatives ((S)-2-methylbutyryl-CoA, isobutyryl-CoA, and 2-methylhexanoyl-CoA), as well as toward the short straight chain acyl-CoAs (butyryl-CoA and hexanoyl-CoA).