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Penicillium purpurogenum produces several xylanases: purification and properties of two of the enzymes.

Belancic A., Scarpa J., Peirano A., Diaz R., Steiner J., Eyzaguirre J.

The fungus Penicillium purpurogenum produces several extracellular xylanases. The two major forms (xylanases A and B) have been purified and characterized. After ammonium sulfate precipitation and chromatography in Bio-Gel P 100, xylanase A was further purified by means of DEAE-cellulose, hydroxylapatite and CM-Sephadex, and xylanase B by DEAE-cellulose and CM-Sephadex. Both xylanases showed apparent homogeneity in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Xylanase A (33 kDa) has an isoelectric point of 8.6, while xylanase B (23 kDa) is isoelectric at pH 5.9. Antisera against both enzymes do not cross-react. The amino terminal sequences of xylanases A and B show no homology. The results obtained suggest that the enzymes are produced by separate genes and they may perform different functions in xylan degradation.

J. Biotechnol. 41:71-79(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]