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Molecular cloning of a murine cDNA encoding a novel protein, p38-2G4, which varies with the cell cycle.

Radomski N., Jost E.

Proliferating cells express genes active in cell cycle control. The modulation of control genes and factors are required to maintain critical cell cycle activities. We used a set of monoclonal antibodies prepared against DNA-binding proteins from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in immunofluorescent microscopy to screen for proteins showing cell cycle-specific staining patterns. Here, we report cloning and characterizing of a novel mitogen-inducible gene from murine macrophages that predicts a cell cycle-specifically modulated nuclear protein of 38 kDa, designated p38-2G4. p38-2G4 displayed a speckled pattern of varying fluorescence intensity confined to the nucleus, but sparing the nucleoli. Strongly stained granules were observed between G1 and mid S phase, followed by a less abundant punctated arrangement toward the end of S phase, and negative fluorescence at the S/G2 transition. Thereafter, the nuclear staining reappeared. Additionally, p38-2G4 expression vanished in G0-arrested cells and was restored after release from growth arrest. p38-2G4 conserved in vertebrates by means of immunofluorescence data contains a number of putative phosphorylation sites, a cryptic nuclear localization signal, and an amphipathic helical domain. Our cDNA and its deduced amino acid sequence is related to a Schizosaccharomyces pombe gene encoding a 42-kDa protein that associates with curved DNA, suggesting that we have cloned the murine homologue of the S. pombe gene which defines a novel cell cycle-specifically modified and proliferation-associated nuclear protein in mammals.

Exp. Cell Res. 220:434-445(1995) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]