Identification of human neurophysins: complete amino acid sequences of MSEL- and VLDV-neurophysins.
Two human neurophysins have been purified from acetone-desiccated posterior pituitaries by acidic extraction, molecular sieving, and ion-exchange chromatography. The complete amino acid sequence of each protein has been determined by using a sequencer and characterizing two sets of overlapping enzymic peptides. The two neurophysins belong to two structural families previously defined as MSEL- and VLDV-neurophysins according to the nature of the residues in positions 2, 3, 6, and 7. (MSEL-neurophysins contain methionine-2, serine-3, glutamic acid-6, and leucine-7; VLDV-neurophysins contain valine-2, leucine-3, aspartic acid-6, and valine-7.) Human MSEL-neurophysin has only 93 residues instead of 95 usually found in MSEL-neurophysins from other mammalian species, probably because of a deletion of amino acids 91 and 92. Compared with bovine MSEL-neurophysin, nine variations (seven substitutions and two deletions) are observed. Human VLDV-neurophysin has 93 residues, as do the other mammalian VLDV-neurophysins. There are 11 substitutions when the comparison is made with bovine VLDV-neurophysin. Between the two human neurophysins, there are 26 variations. However, the central parts of the proteins (residues 10-70) are nearly identical. Furthermore, in this region identical substitutions are found in positions 29 and 60 of both neurophysins, suggesting either a single exon or some relationship between the two corresponding genes.