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Binding of proteins from the large ribosomal subunits to 5.8 S rRNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Lee J.C., Henry B., Yeh Y.C.

Specific binding of purified proteins from the large ribosomal subunits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to 5.8 S rRNA was examined by three different methods: nitrocellulose membrane filtration, sucrose density gradient centrifugation, and RNA-Sepharose column chromatography. RNA-protein complex formation was proportional to the amount of proteins added to the reaction mixture. The binding of proteins to the RNA could be saturated. Such RNA-protein complexes were isolated on sucrose density gradients. Protein species present in these complexes were isolated, iodinated, and analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Eleven proteins, L13, L14, L17, L19, L21, L24, L25, L29, L30, L33, and L39, were identified. By comparison, only six proteins interacted with the 5.8 S rRNA-Sepharose under similar ionic conditions. They were proteins L14, L21, L24, L27, L29, and L30. To better characterize these binding proteins, the interaction of individual proteins with 5.8 S rRNA was studied by nitrocellulose membrane filtration. Proteins L14, L19, L21, L29, L33, and L39 were observed to bind individually with 5.8 S rRNA. Binding of each protein to the RNA could be saturated. The apparent association constants (K'a), measured at 4 degrees C and in 30 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 20 mM MgCl2, 330 mM KCl, and 6 mM beta-mercaptoethanol, ranged from 1.05 to 3.70 X 10(6) M-1.

J. Biol. Chem. 258:854-858(1983) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]