Purification and partial characterization of small proteoglycans I and II, bone sialoproteins I and II, and osteonectin from the mineral compartment of developing human bone.
Using nondegradative isolation procedures we purified and characterized five major noncollagenous proteins from developing human bone. Small bone proteoglycan I, Mr approximately 350,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), 4-20% gradient polyacrylamide gels has a different amino-terminal sequence of NH2-Asp-Glu-Glu-()-Gly-Ala-Asp-Thr and is not cross-reactive with the small bone proteoglycan II, Mr approximately 200,000 on SDS-gradient polyacrylamide gels. Bone proteoglycan II is 95% N terminally blocked and the small amount that can be sequenced has an amino-terminal sequence (NH2-Asp-Glu-Ala-()-Gly-Ile. . .) that is apparently similar but not identical to a small proteoglycan isolated by Brennan, M.J., Oldberg, A., Pierschbacher, M.D., and Ruoslahti, E. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 13742-13750 from human fetal placenta membrane. Two bone sialoproteins, each of which migrates at a Mr approximately 80,000 on SDS gels, have also been isolated. Bone sialoprotein I has an amino-terminal sequence of NH2-Ile-Pro-Val-Lys-Gln-Ala. . . which is different from that of bone sialoprotein II with an amino-terminal sequence of NH2-Phe-Ser-Met-Lys-Asn-Leu. . . The two bone sialoproteins do not cross-react on Western blot analysis. Human bone osteonectin contains a large number of cysteines, more than 90% of which appear to be in disulfide bonds. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of human bone osteonectin was nearly identical to bovine bone osteonectin and had many similarities to a protein found in mouse parietal endoderm (Mason, I.J., Taylor, A., Williams, J.G., Sage, H., and Hogan, B.L.M. (1986) EMBO J. 5, 1831-1837.