Amino acid sequence of the b subunit of human factor XIII, a protein composed of ten repetitive segments.
Factor XIII is a plasma protein that participates in the final stages of blood coagulation. The complete amino acid sequence of the b subunit of human factor XIII was determined by a combination of cDNA cloning and amino acid sequence analysis. A lambda gt11 cDNA library prepared from human liver mRNA was screened with an affinity-purified antibody against the b subunit of human factor XIII. Nine positive clones were isolated from 2 X 10(6) phage and plaque-purified. The largest cDNA insert was sequenced and shown to contain 2180 base pairs coding for a portion of the leader sequence (19 amino acids), the mature protein (641 amino acids), a stop codon (TGA), a 3' noncoding region (187 nucleotides), and a poly(A) tail. When the b subunit of human factor XIII was digested with cyanogen bromide, nine peptides were isolated by gel filtration and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Amino acid sequence analyses of these peptides were performed with an automated sequenator, and 299 amino acid residues were identified. These amino acid sequences were in complete agreement with the amino acid sequence predicted from the cDNA. The b subunit of factor XIII contained 10 repetitive homologous segments, each composed of about 60 amino acids and 4 half-cystine residues. Each of these repeated segments is a member of a family of repeats present in human beta 2-glycoprotein I, complement factor B, and haptoglobin alpha 1 chain. Three potential Asn-linked carbohydrate attachment sites were also identified in the b subunit of factor XIII.