Two human genes isolated by a novel method encode DNA-binding proteins containing a common region of homology.
Two cDNAs encoding new DNA-binding proteins (Dbps) have been cloned using a human placenta lambda gt11 recombinant cDNA library and DNA fragments as probes. Hybrid proteins expressed by the lambda gt11 cDNA library were blotted onto nitrocellulose filters, and incubated with three different radio-labeled DNA probes containing the human epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor enhancer or the human c-erbB-2 promoter. Two kinds of clones, named dbpA and dbpB, showed high affinities for the DNA probes. The comparison of the nucleotide and the deduced amino acid (aa) sequences between these two cDNAs indicated that 100 of 109 aa located in the central region of these two Dbps were identical. The dbpA and dbpB-coded proteins also had an affinity for other cDNA probes such as the human c-ski gene, but not for poly(dI-dC).poly(dI-dC), suggesting that the sequence(s) recognized by the dbpA and dbpB-coded proteins may occur frequently, or that these proteins bind to DNA non-specifically in a different manner from that of histones. A simple method, described in this paper, can be used to isolate cDNA clones encoding Dbps. Strategies used for the detection of sequence-specific and non-specific Dbps are discussed.