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Enzymes of the pathway of purine synthesis in the rat mammary gland. Changes in the lactation cycle and the effects of diabetes.

Beardsley S., Kunjara S., Greenbaum A.L.

Measurements were made of the activities of the enzymes of the 'de novo' and salvage pathways of purine synthesis [phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate amidotransferase (EC 2.4.2.14), adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (EC 2.4.2.7) and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltranferase (EC 2.4.2.8)] at different stages of the lactation cycle, and the effects of diabetes on the activity of these enzymes in lactation were studied. A distinctive pattern of enzyme change was observed, in which the 'de novo' pathway enzyme phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate amidotransferase increased sharply between days 10 and 14 of pregnancy, and then remained sensibly constant until the height of lactation, whereas the enzymes of the salvage pathway increased later in pregnancy and continued to rise during lactation. Diabetes severely depressed the activity of the enzymes of the salvage pathway, but appeared to be without effect on the 'de novo' pathway enzyme. These results are discussed in relation to the provision of purine precursors from tissues outside the mammary gland.

Biochem. J. 250:395-399(1988) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

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