Molecular cloning and sequencing of salmon gonadotropin beta subunit.
Gonadotropin (GTH) was purified from the pituitaries of the Pacific chinook salmon using a combination of stepwise ethanol precipitation and concanavalin-A affinity chromatography. The alpha and beta subunits were dissociated and fractionated by C-18 reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with a 0.1% trifluoroacetic acid/acetonitrile gradient. An enriched cDNA library was screened for the beta-GTH gene(s) using two synthetic oligonucleotides based on partial protein data. A positive, full-size clone (E3) was identified and sequenced. It contains 657 base pairs and codes for a 142-amino-acid precursor protein. The mature salmon beta-GTH (119 amino acids) is structurally homologous to human luteinizing hormone and chorionic gonadotropin. The effect of testosterone implantation on pituitary GTH and beta-GTH mRNA was examined with radioimmunoassay and Northern blot analysis. There was a corresponding increase in both the pituitary GTH and mRNA levels.