Human complex II (succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase): cDNA cloning of iron sulfur (Ip) subunit of liver mitochondria.
Complex II (succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is an important enzyme complex of both the tricarboxylic acid cycle and of the aerobic respiratory chains of mitochondria in eukaryotic cell and prokaryotic organisms. In this study, the amino acid sequence of iron sulfur-subunit in human liver mitochondria was deduced from cDNA which was isolated by immunoscreening a human liver lambda gtll cDNA library. An isolated clone contains an open reading frame of 786 nucleotides and encodes a mature protein of 252 amino acids with a molecular weight of 28,804. The amino acid sequence was highly homologous with that of bovine heart (94.1%) which has been determined from the purified peptide and that of Escherichia coli sdh B product (50.8%). Striking sequence conservation was found around the three cysteine-rich clusters which have been thought to comprise the iron-sulfur centers of the enzyme. This is the first report on the cDNA sequence of mitochondrial complex II.