Cloning and sequence analysis of the genes encoding the dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase components of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex of Bacillus stearothermophilus.
A 2641-bp EcoRI fragment of DNA that encodes the C-terminal part of the dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase (E2) component and the dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3) component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of Bacillus stearothermophilus has been cloned in Escherichia coli. Its nucleotide sequence was determined. A 705-bp truncated open reading frame was located at the 5'end of the insert which, together with the 588-bp truncated open reading frame at the 3' end of another EcoRI fragment of B. stearothermophilus DNA previously cloned and sequenced [Hawkins, C. F., Borges, A. & Perham, R. N. (1990) Eur. J. Biochem. 191, 337-446], was identified as the gene, pdhC, encoding the E2 polypeptide chain. Direct sequence analysis of the purified E2 chain confirmed that the two EcoRI fragments are adjoining in the B. stearothermophilus genome. The E3 gene, pdhD, begins just 4 bp downstream from the stop codon of the pdhC gene. The amino acid sequences deduced from the pdhC and pdhD genes correspond to proteins of 427 amino acids (E2, Mr 46,265) and 469 amino acids (E3, Mr 49,193), respectively. Both genes are preceded by potential ribosome-binding sites and the E3 gene is followed by a stemloop structure characteristic of rho-independent transcription terminators. The B. stearothermophilus E2 and E3 chains exhibit substantial sequence similarity with the corresponding subunits of other 2-oxo-acid dehydrogenase multienzyme complexes. The cloning and sequence analysis described here complete the description of the gene cluster (pdhA, B, C and D) which encodes the B. stearothermophilus pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex.