Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.

TGF-beta-induced mesenchymal transition of MS-1 endothelial cells requires Smad-dependent cooperative activation of Rho signals and MRTF-A.

Mihira H., Suzuki H.I., Akatsu Y., Yoshimatsu Y., Igarashi T., Miyazono K., Watabe T.

Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) plays important roles in various physiological and pathological processes. While signals mediated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β have been implicated in EndMT, the molecular mechanisms underlying it remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we examined the effects of TGF-β signals on the EndMT of mouse pancreatic microvascular endothelial cells (MS-1). By addition of TGF-β2, MS-1 cells underwent mesenchymal transition characterized by re-organization of actin stress fibre and increased expression of various mesenchymal markers such as α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) through activation of Rho signals. Whereas activation of Rho signals via TGF-β-induced non-Smad signals has been implicated in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), we found that Arhgef5, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is induced by Smad signals and contributes to the TGF-β2-induced α-SMA expression in MS-1 cells. We also found that TGF-β2 induces the expression of myocardin-related transcription factor-A (MRTF-A) in a Smad-dependent fashion and its nuclear accumulation in MS-1 cells and that MRTF-A is required and sufficient for TGF-β2-induced α-SMA expression. These results indicate that activation of Smad signals by TGF-β2 have dual effects on the activation of Rho signals and MRTF-A leading to the mesenchymal transition of MS-1 endothelial cells.

J. Biochem. 151:145-156(2012) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health