Ultraviolet-B irradiation induces differential regulations of hyaluronidase expression and activity in normal human keratinocytes.
Skin aging is a complex process determined by genetic factors (intrinsic aging) and environmental factors (extrinsic aging). One of the most influential environmental factor is UV-B irradiation. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an abundant component of skin extracellular matrix where it plays many roles such as hydration and architectural support. Downregulation of HA during photoaging was reported previously. Changes in expression and function of its degrading enzymes, the hyaluronidases (Hyals) might be involved in this decrease. In the present study, normal human keratinocytes were submitted to increasing doses of UV-B. The mRNA expression of HYAL1, HYAL2 and HYAL3 and the hyaluronidase enzymatic activity were quantified using real-time PCR and a microtiter-based assay, respectively. After UV-B irradiation, HYAL1 mRNA expression was upregulated whereas HYAL2 and HYAL3 mRNAs were downregulated and hyaluronidase enzymatic activity was increased in both cell layer and culture medium. In parallel, immunohistochemical studies performed on UV-B irradiated reconstructed epidermis confirmed that Hyal-1, Hyal-2 and Hyal-3 protein expression were differently regulated by UV-B. Taken together, our results demonstrate that UV-B irradiation induces differential regulations of hyaluronidase expression and enzymatic activity in human keratinocytes. These differential modulations of hyaluronidase expression and activity by UV-B could contribute to cutaneous photoaging.