Complete genome sequence of Arcobacter nitrofigilis type strain (CI).
Pati A., Gronow S., Lapidus A., Copeland A., Glavina Del Rio T., Nolan M., Lucas S., Tice H., Cheng J.F., Han C., Chertkov O., Bruce D., Tapia R., Goodwin L., Pitluck S., Liolios K., Ivanova N., Mavromatis K., Chen A., Palaniappan K., Land M., Hauser L., Chang Y.J., Jeffries C.D., Detter J.C., Rohde M., Goker M., Bristow J., Eisen J.A., Markowitz V., Hugenholtz P., Klenk H.P., Kyrpides N.C.
Arcobacter nitrofigilis (McClung et al. 1983) Vandamme et al. 1991 is the type species of the genus Arcobacter in the family Campylobacteraceae within the Epsilonproteobacteria. The species was first described in 1983 as Campylobacter nitrofigilis  after its detection as a free-living, nitrogen-fixing Campylobacter species associated with Spartina alterniflora Loisel roots . It is of phylogenetic interest because of its lifestyle as a symbiotic organism in a marine environment in contrast to many other Arcobacter species which are associated with warm-blooded animals and tend to be pathogenic. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. This is the first complete genome sequence of a type stain of the genus Arcobacter. The 3,192,235 bp genome with its 3,154 protein-coding and 70 RNA genes is part of the Genomic Encyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.