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Hematopoietic cells express two forms of lyn kinase differing by 21 amino acids in the amino terminus.

Yi T., Bolen J.B., Ihle J.N.

cDNAs for the murine lyn protein tyrosine kinase gene were cloned from mouse bone marrow-derived monocytic cells. Comparison of the human and murine genes demonstrated a 94% homology in peptide sequence. Comparable to the human gene, murine lyn was found to be expressed in myeloid and B-lymphoid lineage cells. During the cloning, two types of cDNAs were obtained that differed by the presence (lynA) or absence (lynB) of 63 bp within the amino-terminal coding region of the gene. The genomic structure of the murine lyn gene demonstrates that the two types of lyn transcripts are derived from alternative splicing utilizing an internal splice donor site. Transcripts for both forms were found to be expressed in myeloid cells. lyn-specific antisera detected comparable levels of proteins of 56 and 53 kDa in hematopoietic cells. these 56- and 53-kDa proteins comigrated with proteins produced by in vitro translation or in vivo expression of the lynA and lynB cDNAs, respectively. The two forms had comparable in vitro kinase activities in immunoprecipitates and showed similar peptide patterns, with partial V8 digestion of the in vitro-phosphorylated proteins. The potential significance of the two lyn proteins is discussed.

Mol. Cell. Biol. 11:2391-2398(1991) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]