Solution conformation of salmon calcitonin in sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles as determined by two-dimensional NMR and distance geometry calculations.
The 32 amino acid hormone salmon calcitonin was studied at pH 3.7 and 7.4 by two-dimensional NMR in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles at 310 K. The spectrum was fully assigned, and the secondary structure was obtained from nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectroscopy (NOESY), 3JHN alpha coupling constants, and slowly exchanging amide data. Three-dimensional structures consistent with NMR data were generated by using distance geometry calculations. A set of 260 interproton distances, derived from NOESY, and hydrogen-bond constraints, obtained from analysis of the amide exchange, were used. From the initial random conformations, 13 distance geometry structures with minimal violations were selected for further refinement with restrained energy minimization. In SDS, at both pHs, the main conformational feature of the hormone is an alpha-helix from Thr6 through Tyr22, thus including the amphipathic 8-22 segment and two residues of the Cys1-Cys7 N-terminal loop. The C-terminal decapeptide forms a loop folded back toward the helix. The biological significance of this conformation is discussed.