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Phosphoproteome analysis of Drosophila melanogaster embryos.

Zhai B., Villen J., Beausoleil S.A., Mintseris J., Gygi S.P.

Protein phosphorylation is a key regulatory event in most cellular processes and development. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics provides a framework for the large-scale identification and characterization of phosphorylation sites. Here, we used a well-established phosphopeptide enrichment and identification strategy including the combination of strong cation exchange chromatography, immobilized metal affinity chromatography, and high-accuracy mass spectrometry instrumentation to study phosphorylation in developing Drosophila embryos. In total, 13,720 different phosphorylation sites were discovered from 2702 proteins with an estimated false-discovery rate (FDR) of 0.63% at the peptide level. Because of the large size of the data set, both novel and known phosphorylation motifs were extracted using the Motif-X algorithm, including those representative of potential ordered phosphorylation events.

J. Proteome Res. 7:1675-1682(2008) [PubMed] [Europe PMC]