Human mb-1 gene: complete cDNA sequence and its expression in B cells bearing membrane Ig of various isotypes.
The transmembrane protein, IgM-alpha, a product of mb-1 gene, has been shown to be specifically associated with membrane-bound IgM on the plasma membrane of B lymphocytes. Recent studies have suggested that IgM-alpha may play a role in transducing signals from the Ag receptors during the activation of B cells. A large amount of information has been obtained in the mouse system regarding IgM-alpha and other components of the newly conceived B cell Ag receptor complex. Here we report the cloning and the nucleotide sequencing of cDNA clones of human mb-1, covering the entire length of the mRNA. At the amino acid sequence level, human and murine mb-1 share a high homology in their transmembrane and intracytoplasmic segments, suggesting an important biologic function for these regions of mb-1. A major difference, mainly in the 3' untranslated part, exists between our cDNA sequence and the published partial human mb-1 cDNA sequence. It has also been observed that human mb-1 is expressed not only by B cell lines expressing membrane-bound Ig of mu and delta isotypes but also those expressing membrane-bound Ig of alpha and gamma isotypes.